Showing posts with label ONI. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ONI. Show all posts

17 Aug 2017

GOKURAKU - hitokui Jizo man-eating



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- Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - ABC-List -
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hitokui Jizoo 人食い地蔵 Hitokui "man-eating" Jizo
積善院準提堂 Shakuzen-In Juntei-Do
京都市左京区吉田近衛町69 / 69 Yoshidakonoechō, Sakyō-ku, Kyōto

The official name of this Jizo is
Sutoku-In Jizoo 崇徳院地蔵

The pronunciation of Sutokuin changed to Hitokuin and
then finally to ひとくい Hitokui.

Written with Chinese characters, hitokui 人食い comes to mean "man-eating".


This Jizo has been venerated to appease the vengeful spirit of
. Sutoku Tenno, Sotoku 崇徳天皇 (1119 - 1142) .










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準提堂 Juntei-Do Hall is a hall dedicated to Juntei Kannon - 准胝観音 Jundei Kannon (Sunde) .

. Jundei Kannon, Juntei Kannon 准胝 観音 .
Within the six realms of existence, he saves mankind.

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. hitokui Ebisu 人喰いエビス man-eating Ebisu .


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- Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - Introduction -

. Pilgrimages to Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - 地蔵霊場 Jizo Reijo .

. Legends about Jizo Bosatsu - 地蔵菩薩 .




. Join the Jizo Bosatsu Gallery - Facebook .



. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC List .


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- - - #jizohitokui #hitokuijizo #sutokuinjizo #sutokuin - - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 8/10/2017 01:50:00 pm

ONI - oni ni naru become demon



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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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oni ni naru 鬼になる to become a demon

When someone dies with a grudge or unfinished business in this world, he might become an Oni and carry on . . .
Some souls become yuurei 幽霊 Yurei ghosts.
In other social circumstances, it becomes necessary to turn into an Oni (devil's advocate) right away . . .

Not all Oni are bad, destructive, eating humans or causing much harm and trouble.
Some are quite nice, kind, helpful and benevolent.

. Benevolent and helpful Oni Demons 優しい鬼 yasashii oni .


. matagi 又鬼 / マタギ bear hunters .
- - - mata oni ni naru 又鬼 "I have to become a demon again"




He who eats human meat will become an Oni ? ???


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鬼になる器なれない器 ― 企業で勝ち上がる・独立するための34章
To be able to become an Oni or not - 34 chapters to survive in business and become independent
里中李生 Satonaka Risho
- - - - - Contents
第1部 勝ち上がりたいなら、鬼になれ
サディズム無き者は去れ/給料をむさぼる「サル」になっていないか/三くだり半を突きつける「客」たち/"癒し"という罠に、はまっていないか/バブル入社組よ、弱者の幻影にすがるな

第2部 女人に対し鬼になれるか
"膣外射精"の屈辱を卒業しろ/まず、財布は"女人禁制"から始めよ/"パチンコ主義"では一生貧乏だ/年金国家に裏切られない法/所得が少ない時はどう切り抜けるのか

第3部 快楽を極める鬼になれ
快適を求めずして、大成功なし/大金を動かす緊張と快楽を知れ/あなたの成功を完成させる「妄想」とは?/20代で磨かれる、これだけの感性/決してあなたが命を賭けてはいけない会社

第4部 あなたが鬼才を発揮するために
逆転人生へ導く「才能開花」とは何か/"鬼才"のきっかけは、こう作れ/友人を切り離す快楽を知っているか/クビ切り時代こそ、電脳武装せよ/トヨタ神話に追随してはいけない理由

第5部 己れの道は鬼に通ず
リーダーたるもの、札付きのワルであれ/「出来損ない」の可能性に賭けてみよ/あなたの仕事、こう考えてみよ/こんな男とだけは決して付き合うな/こんな女だけは絶対近づけるな

第6部 信念なくして鬼才にあらず
私が会社をやめた理由/マンネリの宿命は、こう克服せよ/ファストフード主義では一流になれない/エディプスコンプレックス無き者は去れ/偽りのダンディズムを卒業しろ

第7部 鬼の道は独立にあり
今すぐ「プレッシャーの鬼」となる法/恐慌なくして大成功なし~「ナイスショット」を叫べ~/リストラ・倒産にあったら、必ずするべきこと/孤独・平凡こそを成功の王道とせよ~サラリーマン解放論~


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- kisai 鬼才 genius, "demon genius"


source : 16.tok2.com/home/ichinose... 一ノ瀬芳翠


. demon genius painter 河鍋暁斎 Kawanabe Kyosai .

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. kijin 鬼人 / onibito オニビト "human demon" .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

Many humans turned Oni have a red face and some have an iron ring on the head.
Anyway, they all have fearful features.

............................................................................ Fukushima 福島県
二本松市 Nihonmatsu

. 安達が原の鬼女 Adachigahara Woman Demon, 鬼婆 Onibaba .
haunting the area of 黒塚 Kurozuka


............................................................................ Gifu 岐阜県
郡上郡 Kujo district

When the owner of a cat dies, the cat may become an Oni. But if the Buddhist priest performs special rites with his rosary and ritual fan, the cat will come back to itself.

............................................................................ Kagoshima 鹿児島県

姉弟二人のうち弟がいなくなった。集落の人が弟は鬼になって山にいると言うが、姉は信じようとしない。握り飯に針をさしたものを作り、それを食べるなら鬼だと教えられその通りにすると、全部おいしいといって食べた。姉は本当だと信じ、逃げると鬼が追いかけてきたが裏白のしげみにかくれて難を逃れた。また、ススキの根の赤いのは鬼の血だともいう。

............................................................................ Kumamoto 熊本県

If people hit a tea bowl, the gaki 餓鬼 hungry demons will come together. And maybe this person will become an Oni himself.


............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府

. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .

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soogenbi 宗源火 Sogenbi  / ubagabi 姥ケ火 / 姥ヶ火
A 幽霊 ghost does not necessarily appear in the shape of a human being. Some become a bird, rat, insect or other animal,
and some become an Oni.
In the district of 京都西院 Saiin this is called Sogenbi fire or Ubagabi fire.
It is a kind of Onibi 鬼火 Demon Fire.



The ubagabi (姥ヶ火or 姥火,lit. "old woman's fire")
is an atmospheric ghost light told about in legends in the Kawachi Province (now Osaka Prefecture) and Tamba Province (now northern Kyoto Prefecture). They are mentioned in old litreature, such as the Tenpō period book the Shokoku Rijin Dan (諸国里人談) and Ihara Saikaku's collection of miscellaneous tales the Saikaku Shokoku Banashi (西鶴諸国ばなし) as well as Edo period kaidan books such as the Kokon Hyaku Monogatari Hyōban (古今百物語評判'), the Kawachi Kagami Meishōki (河内鑑名所記), and Toiryama Sekien's collection of yōkai depictions, the Gazu Hyakki Yagyō, among other mentions.
- According to the Shokoku Rijin Dan, on a rainy night, in Hiraoka, Kawachi (now Higashiōsaka, Osaka Prefecture), it would appear as a ball of fire with a length of one shaku (about 30 centimeters). It's said that in the past, an old woman stole oil from the Hiraoka Shrine and became a mysterious fire from a resulting curse.



Sōgenbi (叢原火 or 宗源火, lit. "religion source fire")
It was an onibi in Kyoto in Sekien Toriyama's Gazu Hyakki Yagyō. It was stated to be a monk who once stole from the Jizōdō in Mibu-dera who received Buddhist punishment and became an onibi, and the anguishing face of the priest would float inside the fire. The name also appeared in the "Shinotogibōko," a collection of ghost stories from the Edo period.
- MORE in the wikipedia -

. onibi 鬼火 - Will-o'-the-wisp - kitsunebi 狐火 "fox fire" .


............................................................................ Nagano 長野県
下伊那郡 Shimo-Ina district  阿智村 Achi

Is someone walks between the pine branches of a New Year decoration of 門松 Kadomatsu, he will turn into an Oni.


............................................................................ Nara 奈良県

. Ipponashi, the horse of Yoshitsune 一本足は義経の馬 .

- - - - - 猪笹王 (イノザサオウ) King Inozasa-O became an Oni
Inozasa was a huge wild boar living at 伯母峰峠 Obamine Toge pass in Nara. One day it was shot by the hunter
射場兵庫 Iba Hyogo. Tte Wild boar's 亡霊 ghost soul went to Kishu (Wakayama), to 湯の峰の温泉 the hot spring Yunomine and shape-shifted into a wandering Samurai, to heal his wounds. When the owner of the lodging peeked into the room at night, he saw a huge wild boar spread all over the floor. Later the ghost soul became 一本足の鬼 an Ippondatara Oni with one leg. It went back to Obamine and begun to feed on travelers.
Saint Tansei 丹誠上人 could finally appease the soul. But every year on the 20th day of the 12th lunar month,
the day when all appeased Oni become free for one day, it could come back to this world.
This day is called
. hate no hatsuka 果ての二十日 the final day 20 of the year .


source : tyz-yokai.blog.jp/archives....

猪笹王[いのささおう] Inosasa-O

- another version of this legend:
source : vill.kamikitayama.nara.jp/kanko...

. Ippondatara いっぽんだたら in Totsukawa village, Nara .



............................................................................ Niigata 新潟県
十日町市 Tokamachi town 松代町 Matsushiromachi

Seijuuroo セイジュウロウ Seijuro
In the hamlet of 池尻集落 Ikejiri lived a man called Seijuro. One evening he heared a voice at the door calling "Hello, Good evening!" and when he opened, he was kidnapped by 魔物 an ogre.
One year later he came back, but by then he had become an Oni.


............................................................................ Okayama 岡山県
新見市  Niimi

. Shuten Dooji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji "Sake Child" Demon .
- legend from the hamlet下熊谷 Shimokumatani in Niimi.


............................................................................ Wakayama 和歌山県

. Hyooze no Matsuwaka 兵生の松若と伝説 Matsuwaka from Hyoze .
Hyoze is a small hamlet in Wakayama, bordering to Nara, in the 果無山脈 Hatenashi mountain range and
near 安堵山 Mount Andosan.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

- reference - 鬼になる -

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 8/12/2017 09:39:00 am

8 Aug 2017

ONI - Shinto and Oni



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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Shinto and Oni 神道と鬼

. kami 神 Shinto deities / Japanese gods .
kami to oni 神と鬼 the Deities and Demons of Japan

. torii no oniko 鳥居の鬼コ Demons of the Shinto Toorii gates .
..... 鬼子 - also read as kishi and onigo

. jinja - list of Shinto shrines with ONI . *


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- quote -
Oni
A misshapen supernatural demon or devil visiting this world from the other world, bringing with it disaster or blessing. Due to their fearful spiritual power, oni were considered ambivalent beings possessing the power of both good and evil, and were thus the objects of both worship and avoidance. While the character for oni was read in China as gui and referred to the soul of a deceased person, it was read in Japan variously as oni (demon), mono (an indwelling spirit), or kami.

Based on the salient characteristics of beliefs about oni, the concept of oni can be classified into three main types:
(1) wicked spirits or evil kami,
(2) oni as foreigners or strangers, and
(3) oni as good kami.
The first type bring disaster, death, and plague, and initially were considered invisible beings, but later came to have visible forms. The Nihongi notes the practice of using peaches to ward off oni, a reflection of Chinese beliefs that peaches possessed the power to control noxious spirits and demons. Other expressions found include ashikimono ("evil spirits") and matsurowanukami ("unruly kami"), terms which are believed to refer to evil kami or the tutelaries of people who opposed kingly authority in ancient times.

In contrast, the Nihon ryōiki relate incidents of demons (mono) which caused insanity, and the "evil spirit of a slave" (ashiki yatsu no reiki) which caused death. In short, such expressions referred to departed spirits which had become oni and brought curses upon those still living. Such oni were believed to be the spirits of persons who carried resentments or malice during their lifetime; the spirits or ghosts of malicious or jealous women were thought to be particularly capable of becoming the female demons called hannya. Other demons included deniziens of hell, the bull-headed gozu and the horse-headed mezu.

According to Zeami's Fushikaden, oni appearing in Noh drama are either vengeful spirits (onryō) who possess human beings, or demons of hell. As the visible forms of oni were represented as misshapen and weird beings, popular iconography of oni was influenced by graphic portrayals of hell demons and , gaki, "hungry ghosts,"
as well as by the four-eyed Chinese zhuīnuó (Jp. tsuina) masks worn by the demon exorcists called
fangxiàng (Jp. hōsōshi).

Such rites of "demon exorcism" or tsuina were incorporated into the Buddhist rites of Shushōe and Shunie  (Omizutori) held early in the New Year; these rites featured exorcisms of demons using the power of Buddhist tutelaries such as Bishamon and heavenly bodhisattvas (hiten). These rites became popular observances on the last day of winter (setsubun), and resulted in the formation of stereotypical demon images such as Shutendōji.

A second type of oni is represented by marginalized persons, including foreigners, rebellious indigenous peoples, people drifting ashore in Japan, itinerant performers, religious thaumaturges, rebels, pirates, and mountain dwellers. According to the Nihongi, people thought to have been members of a northern people and called mishihase (or shukushin) were feared as "demons" (oni), and engaged in trade with the Yamato army through a form of Chinese "wordless exchange" which was called kishi  (lit., "demon market").

The Kokoncho monjū (ca. 1254) relates a tale of naked imigrants who came ashore at the island of Okushima in the Izu area, describing them as "demons" with wild hair, round-eyes and tall, dark red bodies. Practitioners of Onmyōdō (Chinese Yin-Yang divination) were likewise viewed as "demon-like" beings since they were believed to control familiar spirits (shikigami) and cast spells.

A third type of demon can be seen in present-day observances of the aforementioned rites of Shushōue and Shunie, and popular rites around the New Year. For example, the "Flower Festival" (Hanamatsuri) held in Shidara, Aichi Prefecture features dancers called "Sakaki-oni" which invoke blessings by stamping the ground and chasing away evil spirits.
Another example would be the visiting kami called namahage in Akita, represented by costumed performers wearing demon masks.
- source : Kawamura Kunimitsu, Kokugakuin -


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- - - - - Glossary - - - - -

ashikimono 悪しき者 evil spirit
ashiki yatsu no reiki 悪しき奴の霊気

. gaki 餓鬼 "The Realm of Hungry Ghosts" .

. Gozu 牛頭 / Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 .

. Hannya 般若 Hanya demon masks .

. hiten 飛天 flying Apsaras, divine nymphs .

matsurowanu kami まつろわぬ神 unruly Kami . 不順(まつろ)わぬ鬼神

mishihase 粛慎(しゅくしん、みしはせ、 あしはせ (or shukushin)

. Mezu, Gozuki Mezuki 牛頭鬼馬頭鬼 .

. Namahage なまはげ - ナマハゲ in Akita .

. onryoo 怨霊 / goryoo 御霊 "vengeful spirits" .
- Goryoo Matsuri 御霊祭 Goryo Festival  

. sakaki oni 榊鬼 Sakaki demon . - Aichi

. Shikigami 式神 / シキガミ, Shiki no Kami 式の神 Shiki deity, demon or ghost .
- and Abe no Seimei 阿倍晴明 (921 - 1005) - Onmyo-Do

. Shuten Dooji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji "Sake Child" Demon .

. tsuina 追儺 "demon exorcism" rituals .
- hoosooshi, hōsōshi 方相氏(ほうそうし)Hososhi, demon exorcist / - Setsubun 節分 - Shushōue and Shunie


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 8/06/2017 09:46:00 am

24 Jun 2017

SHRINE - Aoni Jinja hamlet Nagano Zenki


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Aoni shuuraku 青鬼集落 a hamlet named Aoni "Green Demon"
Aoni Hokujō, Hakuba-mura, Kitaazumi-gun, Nagano / 長野県北安曇郡白馬村北城
(はくばむらあおに)Hakubamura Aoni, Aoni settlement
and
Ozenkisama お善鬼様 O-Zenki Sama



The hamlet is famous for its old farm houses and the spectacular view of Mount Hakuba, the "White Horse".
There are only 15 old houses in the hamlet.

Near the hamlet are remains from settlements of the 縄文時代 Jomon period, named
善鬼堂遺跡 Zenkido and 馬場遺跡 Baba.
The present-day settlement is from the late Edo period till Meiji.
The complicated water canals for the rice fields are called Aoni seki 青鬼堰 weirs from Aoni.

The whole hamlet is a special
重要伝統的建造物群保存地区 - Conservation district of traditional buildings



旅するTZRの文化財撮影記
source : takashitzr.blog62.fc2.com


When the terraced rice fields are full of water in early summer, the mountain range is reflected in the water.




On a very lucky morning in early summer, there is a "Red Hakuba" reflected in the water.


source : 自然風景写真・鏡花水月

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- quote -
Aoni Rice Terraces 青鬼棚田
The terraces are made with stone walls.



There are also well-preserved Kayabuki (thatched) Roof Houses that were built during the period between Edo period to Meiji period in Aoni settlement.
You can have glorious views of Hakuba`s mountain range and Japanese landscape of the Rice Terraces.
There are no restaurants or souvenir shops in the Aoni Rice Settlement.
It is to protect the serene life of the inhabitants of the village.
5 km from Hakuba Station.
- source : veryjapanese.jp/places/aoni-rice-terraces -


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Aoni Jinja 青鬼神社(Aooni Jinja ) Aoni Shrine

Located in the North of the hamlet, built in the Early Meiji period.
The deity in residence is 善鬼大明神 Zenki Daimyojin (御善鬼様 O-Zenki Sama)



On the right is a small shrine:
Suwa Yashiro 諏訪社.

Preparations for the annual festival are made in O-Zenki no Yakata.
himomi no shinji 「火揉みの神事」making fire for the Gods
The villagers make fire themselves and light lanterns as offerings for the shrine.
Later there is a firework in the village.

ー Look at a video of the shrine here:
- source : youtube.com/watch -


. Shinto shrine names including 鬼 ONI .


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- reference source : -
Mt. Shirouma (白馬岳 Shirouma-dake) - Shirouma is another reading for Hakuba, "White Horse".
is a peak in the Hida Mountains range of the Japanese Alps, located in Nagano Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture, central Honshu, Japan.
Mount Shirouma is the 26th-tallest mountain in Japan. At 2,932 metres (9,619 ft), it is the highest peak in the Hakuba section of the Hida Mountains, and one of the top "to climb" peaks for Japanese hikers. It is also one of the few peaks in Japan with year-round snow fields (Firn), in the Shirouma Dai Sekkei (白馬大雪渓), or Shirouma deep-snow gorge .
It is located within the Chūbu-Sangaku National Park.
Mount Shirouma is one of the landmark 100 Famous Japanese Mountains.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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お善鬼様伝説 The Legend of O-Zenki Sama - The Benevolent Demon
Further away to the North-East of Aoni hamlet is 岩手山 Mount Iwatesan. East of Mount Iwatesan is 戸隠村 Togakushi village and the village of
鬼無里村 Kinasa Mura, "Village without Demons".
Once upon a time there came a giant man to Kinasa, the "Village without Demons", and caused a lot of trouble. The villagers pulled together and confined the giant man into a hole near the bottom of Mount Iwatesan. A while later a traveller told the villagers that a giant man had appeared in Togakushi and helped the people there. He had passed through a kind of tunnel in the mountains and come to the other side, on the way changing his evil manners and became a good and helpful person. The people now called him O-Zenki Sama.
The villagers built a shrine for him, calling him あおに Aoni instead of あおおに Aooni and later the Chinese characters 青鬼 were used to spell the name of the hamlet.
He is also venerated as
Zenki Daimyojin 善鬼大明神

. Togakushiyama no Oni 戸隠山の鬼 Demon from Mount Togakushi .
Nagano 長野県 上水内郡 Kamiminochi district 鬼無里村 Kinasamura village

. Togakushi Jinja 戸隠神社 Togakushi Shrine - Nagano .

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O-Zenki no Yakata お善鬼の館 Mansion of Zenki




長野県北安曇郡白馬村大字北城17641
The building belonged to the 降籏家 Furuhata Family, built in 1908.
It was built to suit the silk farming of the region, facing South, with a large space below the roof for the silk worms. It became useless and empty in 2005 and was then revived as the O-Zenki no Yakata, a kind of local museum to welcome visitors and introduce the village culture.


- reference source : garden-plat.net/matinami/twon -
- reference source : siro.sitemix.jp/nagano/aoni -
- reference source : geocities.co.jp/MusicStar-Live -


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Near the village are groups of Stone Buddha statues,
「向麻石仏群」Mukasso and 「阿弥陀堂石仏群」Amidado.

There are also many Dosojin 道祖神, a speciality of the Azumi region.



.道祖神 Dosojin, Dososhin - Wayside Gods .

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北安曇郡 Kita Azumi District 小谷村 Otari village

ozenkisama お善鬼様 O-Zenki Sama
Near the village is a 高原 highland and there is a 岩穴 boulder with a hole. The people from 戸石 Toishi came here to borrow zenwan 膳椀 trays and bowls. A supernatural being, the "Benevlent Demon" would bring the items and the villagers had to bring them back clean after using them for special gatherings with large crowds, like weddings and funerals.
One day a villager did not bring them back and since then, they were never borrowed again.

In other regions there are the same legends, very often a Kappa or a Tengu brings the goods.
. Zenwanbuchi 膳椀淵 "river pool for trays and bowls" .
and Kappa Legends




. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 6/22/2017 09:45:00 am

20 Jun 2017

PERSONS - Fuma Kotaro ninja



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Fuuma Kootaroo, Fūma Kotarō 風魔小太郎 Fuma Kotaro
(? - 1603)


source : dustin on facebook
drawing from the Hojo Godaiki (written by Joshin Miura, 1565-1644) depicting Fuma Kotaro and his band of rappa (ninja) raiding a Takeda camp.

He was like an ONI demon - 鬼のような異相の持ち主であったという

. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - Index - .

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- quote
... the name adopted by the leader of the ninja Fūma clan (風魔一党 Fūma-ittō) during the Sengoku era of feudal Japan. According to some records, his name was originally Kazama (風間).
The Fūma clan and Fūma Kotarō
The clan was based in Kanagawa Prefecture, specializing in horseback guerrilla warfare and naval espionage. According to some sources, the family has roots in the 10th century when they served Taira no Masakado in his revolt against the Kyoto government. The use of the name started with the first leader (jonin) of the clan: originally surnamed "風間" (Fūma), with a different kanji, it was later changed to homophone 風魔. Each subsequent leader of the school adopted the same name as its founder, making it difficult to identify them individually. This school was in the service of the Hōjō clan of Odawara.

Fūma Kotarō was the fifth and the best known of the Fūma clan leaders.
Born in Sagami Province (modern Kanagawa Prefecture) on an unknown date, he became notorious as the leader of a band of 200 Rappa "battle disrupters", divided into four groups: brigands, pirates, burglars and thieves. Kotarō served under Hōjō Ujimasa and Hōjō Ujinao. His biggest achievement came in 1580, when the Fūma ninja covertly infiltrated and attacked a camp of the Takeda clan forces under Takeda Katsuyori at night, succeeding in causing severe chaos in the camp, which resulted in mass fratricide among the disoriented enemies. In 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi laid siege to Odawara Castle, which eventually fell, and the Hōjō clan was forced to surrender.

When the Tokugawa shogunate came to power, the remnants of Fūma-ryū were reduced to a band of brigands operating in and around Edo. A popular but fictional story says that in 1596, Kotarō was responsible for the death of Hattori Hanzō, a famous ninja in the service of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who had tracked him down in the Inland Sea, but Kotarō has succeeded in luring him into a small channel, where a tide trapped the Tokugawa gunboats and his men then set fire to the channel with oil. Kotarō was eventually caught by the shogunate's special law-enforcement force, guided by his rival and a former Takeda ninja Kosaka Jinnai (高坂甚内), and executed through beheading by an order of Ieyasu in 1603.

- - - - - In folklore and popular culture

In a folk legend, he is often an inhuman figure: a supposedly part-oni monstrous giant (over 2 meters tall) with inverted eyes.
In fiction portrayals, Fūma Kotarō is often depicted as Hattori Hanzō's arch-rival. As the name Fūma literally means "wind demon", Fūma Kotarō's depiction is frequently more flamboyant, fantastical, and sometimes even demonic. In contrast, Hanzō is usually rendered with a relatively subdued appearance.
Kotarō is a player character in the video game Onimusha 2: Samurai's Destiny as a young ninja in the service of the Hōjō clan, also returning in the spin-offs Onimusha Tactics and Onimusha Soul. He is also a main character in the World Heroes fighting game series (as "Fuuma"), also featured in Neo Geo Battle Coliseum together with his main rival Hanzo.
- snip -
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Onimusha 鬼武者 Demon Warrior



- quote -
Onimusha (鬼武者, literally "Oni Warrior") is a series of video games by developer Capcom.
The series makes use of the historic figures that shaped Japan's history, retelling their stories with supernatural elements. Most of the games are of the action-adventure game genre, a combination of third person combat and puzzle solving, where the protagonist wields the power of the Oni, enabling them to fight the Genma, the main enemy of the series. As of 2012, Onimusha is Capcom's sixth biggest franchise, behind the Resident Evil, Street Fighter, Mega Man, Monster Hunter, and Devil May Cry series.
- - - - - Onimusha: Warlords
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !



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忍者 - 鬼忍

. ninja 忍者 spies - Introduction .
Hattori Hanzo 服部半蔵, the famous Ninja from Iga (1541 - 1596) 
February 22 is the Ninja Day 忍者の日.

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Posted By Gabi Greve to PERSONS - index - PERSONEN on 6/16/2017 01:19:00 pm

12 Jun 2017

FUDO - Fudo Myo-O and Oni


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Fudo Myo-O 不動明王と鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends and Fudo

. 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O - Acala - Vidyaraja .
- Introduction -

jaki o fumu Fudo Myo-O 邪鬼を踏む不動明王
Fudo Myo-O stepping on a Jaki demon





- The complete scroll is here :
- source : yahoo auctions June 2017 -

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
名古屋市 Nagoya 熱田区 Atsuta

高蔵不動院 Takakura Fudo-In - O-Yakushi no Oni Matsuri 大薬師の鬼祭 Demon Festival
During the Shusho-E 修正会 rituals on the fifth day of the New Year at the Temple Takakura Fudo-In there is a ritual called
O-Yakushi no Oni Matsuri, "Festival of the Demons of Yakushi Nyorai". 12 men from nearby Atsuta, aged 25 and 42 are chosen to participate as Oni. On leap years there are 13 men.
The demon masks of the temple are made of strong thick paper and ward off evil influence for the coming year. The masks are imitations of the one's from the "Bull Festival of Kyoto" 京都牛祭 (太秦の牛祭).


............................................................................ Akita 秋田県
山本郡 Yamamoto district 二ツ井町 Futatsui Machi

鬼神集落 Onigami village
The protector deity of this village is called オボシナサマ Oboshina Sama (Fudo Myo-O).

Its festival is on the 28th day of the 3rd lunar month, now on May 8. On the evening before the festival people put their boiled vegetables in a Bento lunch box and meet at the shrine, to eat it all together. They are not allowed to eat any meat on this occasion.
Then in 1956 some brave one eat some meat and what do you say - the next day was a huge fire in the hamlet and 17 homes burned down.


............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府
加佐郡 Kasa district 大江町 Oe Machi

Shuten Dooji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji / 不動堂 Fudo-Do Hall

Onigajaya, Oni-Ga-Chaya 鬼ヶ茶屋


- reference source : city.fukuchiyama.kyoto.jp/onihaku .. onityaya -

Near the place where the remains of the mansion of Shuten Doji are supposed to be there is a huge boulder. There is also a place where the river flows upstream when the demons wash the bloody robes; this is where the villagers later they build the 不動堂 Fudo Hall below the waterfall 千丈ヶ滝下 Senjogataki.
Even further up in the mountain, where Shuten Doji was defeated by Raiko Yorimitsu there is now the shrine
鬼獄神社 Onitake Jinja / 鬼嶽稲荷神社 Onitake Inari Jinja.
Raiko had prepared Shinben Kidokushu 神便鬼毒酒 a special rice wine with poison for the Oni and was thus able to kill it.

Oni-take Inari Jinja 京都府福知山市大江町北原 Fukuchiyama, Kyoto
. Shuten Dooji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji "Sake Child" Demon .


Onitake-Inari Jinja Shrine at the 8th station of Mt.Oe. With a beautiful view of the sea of clouds in Autumn.


............................................................................ Miyagi 宮城県
玉造郡 Tamatsukuri district 鳴子町 Naruko

鬼首村 Onikobe village (Demon Head Village) 
Once upon a time
a demon wanted to enter the village of Onikobe, but Fudo killed him and burned the body.
From the ashes arose many many many mosquitoes which to our day suck the blood of the people.


............................................................................ Nara 奈良県
生駒市 Ikoma 鬼取町 Onitori Cho

En no Gyoja met a couple of Oni who were eating humans. He asked them not to do that any more but they did not listen to him. He hid in a cave but they wanted to give him human flesh to eat even there.
Then 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O comes along and pressured the couple not to eat humans any more. Now they promised to change their ways.
Zenki went to 洞川 Dorogawa (now a famous hot spring), and Goki went to 十津川 Totsukawa .

At 生駒山 Mount Ikomasan、En no Gyoja had a dream given to him by 孔雀明 Kujaku Myo-O.
He should capture the two Oni from the foot of Ikomasan and turn them into decent beings. He stayed in prayer for 21 days and on the last day, with 不動緊縛の法 Fudo Kinboku, a special ritual of Fudo Myo-O he could capture them.
So the Oni cut off their hair and became the pious disciples of En no Gyoja.

The mountain is now called Onitorisan 鬼取山 "Mountain of capturing the Demons",
and the village is still called that way, 鬼取 Onitori.

 . Zenki 前鬼 and his wife Goki 後鬼 .



............................................................................ Oita 大分県
直入郡 Naoiri district Yamaga

Fudo Iwa 不動岩 Fudo Rock
Once upon a time,
the bottom of the 阿蘇の盆地 Plain of Aso was a lake.
A demon tried to fill the lake with earch and carried earth to the place, but he broke the pole of his carrier. The earth fell down and this became 上萩岳 Upper Ogidake mountain and下萩岳 Lower Ogidake mountain.
The Demon became angry and pressed against the boulder 不動岩 Fudo-Iwa but could not move it. Since that time, there are the remains of the demon's head, back and both hands on the boulder.

. Oita 大分県の鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends .



This formation was named in the Heian Period by a mountain ascetic who venerated Fudo Myo-O here. It has three Fudo Rocks, the front, middle and back Fudo. The highest Front Fudo, Mae Fudo 前不動 is 80 meters high and more than 100 meters in circumference.

There are three huge rocks on this hill in Yamaga city which are collectively called "Fudo Iwa" which means literally immovable rocks. These rocks are individually known as: Mae-Fudo, Naka-Fudo, and Ato-Fudo.
Mae-Fudo is the biggest one, and from here you have a great view of mountain and sunset.

There is a story about these rocks that once upon a time,
Fudo-Iwa and Hikodake (Mt. Hiko, located in Yamaga city) were step-brothers. Their mother always treated only Fudo-Iwa with affection because she gave birth to him, but treated the other Hikodake harshly.
One day,
the mother told them to try the pulling rope game with their neck. She said, I will give the family treasure of 3 balls handed down for long time to the winner. When they started the game, because he was always eating soft and tasty beans the head of Fudo-Iwa came off easily and fell into the Kubishi Pass where it remains turned into stone.
Now it is said
that the rest of the body of Fudo-Iwa is the Fudo Iwa at present. Because Hikodake was always eating hard beans, he grew so big and tough. There is a footpath around here to enjoy walking while looking at the seasonal flowers until you reach to the observatory.
. Fudoo Iwa 不動岩 Fudo Rocks - Introcuction .



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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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不動明王の邪鬼退治図 Fudo driving out the Jaki


source : subarukouboushop.hamazo.tv


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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 6/08/2017 01:12:00 pm

6 Jun 2017

TEMPLES - Enma Emmado Edo


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. Gofunai 御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 88 Henro Temples in Edo .
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. Enma Ten, Enma Oo 閻魔天、閻魔王 Emma King of Hell .

Temples in his honor are usually called Enmadoo 閻魔堂 Emma-Do, Emma Hall.



The statue of Enma is 3,5 m high and 4,5 m wide. (Said to be the largest in Japan.)
If people throw coins in the box for offerings (saisenbako 賽銭箱), the halo in the back of the statue lights up and flickers for a while. The statue is therefore called
ハイテク闇魔 Hi-Tech Enma.

. Fukagawa "深川ゑんま堂" Fukagawa Emma-Do .
Gofunai Henro Nr. 74 - Hoojoo-In 法乗院 Hojo-In
- 賢台山 Kentaizan 法乗院 Hojo-In 賢法寺 Kenpo-Ji
法乗院えんま堂 Hojo-In Enma-Do -
江東区深川2-16-3 / Kōtō ward, Fukagawa, 2 Chome−16-3

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Apart from this one, there are three important Emmado temples in Edo (introduced below)
江戸三大閻魔 / 江戸三閻魔

- 華徳院 Ketoku-In - Suginami
- 太宗寺 Taiso-Ji - Shinjuku
- 善養寺 Zenyo-Ji - Toshima


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Ketokuin 華徳院 Ketoku-In (Katoku-In)
- 称光山 華徳院 Ketoku-In  太宗寺 Taiso-Ji
杉並区松ノ木3-32-11 / Tokyo, Suginami, Matsunoki, 3 Chome 32-11
天台宗 Tendai sect


source : goshuin.net/edo3emma-ketokuin

It was founded in 下野国佐野 (now Tochigi, Sano town 栃木県佐野市)by . Ennin 円仁 - Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 / 慈覺大師 . - (794 – 864)
It was called 蔵前の閻魔堂 Kuramae no Enmado.

The main statue was made by 運慶蘇生 Unkei and is in the center. To its richt is a statue of the same wood of 奪衣婆 Datsueba, the "Hag of Hell", and to its left a statue of 本地化馬地蔵尊 made by 聖徳太子 Shotoku Taishi.

The temple and the statues burned down during the great earthquake in 1923.
The temple moved to its present location in 1929.
A new statue of Enma was given by 日光輪王寺


- HP of the temple:
- source : tesshow.jp/suginami -


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Taisooji 太宗寺 Taiso-Ji

- 霞関山 本覚院 太宗寺 Taiso-Ji
新宿区新宿2-9-2 / Tokyo, Shinjuku 2-9-2
浄土宗 Jodo Sect

The main statue is 阿弥陀如来 Amida Nyorai.


source : goshuin.net/edo3emma-taisoji

- History
Founded in 1596 at the beginning of the Oshu Kaido highway by priest 太宗 Taiso. One of the Six Jizo of Highways:
Nr. 03 - . Edo Roku Jizo 江戸六地蔵 The Six Jizō Bosatsu of Edo .

- Other Pilgrimages
新宿山之手七福神の布袋尊 Shinjuku - Shichifukujin - Hotei

- HP of the temple:
- source : tesshow.jp/shinjuku -



太宗寺不動堂 Fudo Hall



太宗寺塩かけ地蔵 Shiokake-Jizo -Jizo to throw salt at
When making a wish, people throw some salt on the statue. When the wish has been granted, they come back and throw even more salt at Jizo.

. Jizō - Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - Introduction .

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Zenyooji 善養寺 Zenyo-Ji

- 薬王山 Yakuozan 延寿院 善養寺 Zenyo-Ji
豊島区西巣鴨4-8-25 / Tokyo, Toshima, Nishisugamo, 4 Chome 8-25
Shingon sect

The main statue is 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai.


source : goshuin.net/edo3emma-zenyoji

This temple was founded around 830 by 慈覚大師 Jigaku Daishi in Uenoyama, as 上野東叡山寛永寺末 a sub-temple of the Ueno Kanei-Ji.
It was moved to 下谷区善養寺町 Shitaya, Zenyojicho around 1670. To make room for the railway it was moved to ist present location in 1912.
The wooden statue of Enma is about 3 meters high,

- HP of the temple:
- source : tesshow.jp/toshima -

. Ennin 円仁 - Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 / 慈覺大師 . - (794 – 864)

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There is another temple named 善養寺 Zenyo-Ji in Tokyo
Tokyo, Edogawa ward, Higashi-Koiwa 2-24-2

In the compound are various stone memorial monuments, like 石燈籠 stone lanterns and 宝篋印塔 grave markers.
The grave of the potter and painter 尾形乾山 Ogata Kenzan (1663 - 1743) is in the compound.
In the compound is also an old pine tree of more than 600 years, 影向のマツ Yogo no Matsu.


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- reference source : tesshow.jp/edo3enma_index -
- reference : 華徳院 -
- reference : 太宗寺 -
- reference : 善養寺 -

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. Juu Oo 十王, Juo, Ju-O - 10 Ten Kings of Hell .

. Pilgrimages in Edo - Tokyo .


- Koya San in Wakayama 和歌山 高野山 -

- Kobo Daishi Kukai 弘法大師 空海 (774 - 835) -


. Gofunai 御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 Pilgrimage to 88 Henro Temples in Edo .
- Introduction -

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 6/04/2017 10:26:00 am

KAPPA - oni shison descendants


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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oni no shison 鬼の子孫 / onisuji 鬼筋 - descendants of Oni

There are various regions where people claim to be descendants of Oni, especially of Zenki and Goki.
They live in 大分県日田 Oita, Hita, 京都の八瀬村 Kyoto, Yasemura, 奈良県 Nara Gojo and Yoshino, 中津川 Wakayama, Nakatsugawa and other places.
All these regions are related to 修験道 Shugendo and Yamabushi mountain priest.
The descendants keep to themselves and have many rites pertaining to their Oni ancestors.

The name ONI might have been written like this : 隠(おん) ON.

Zenki and Goki are also alive in modern manga and anime games.
鬼神童子 ZENKI



Zenki is a Japanese manga series written by Kikuhide Tani and illustrated by Yoshihiro Kuroiwa. It was serealized in the Shueisha publication, Monthly Shōnen Jump from 1992 to 1996.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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. the Demon Zenki 前鬼 and his wife Goki 後鬼 (五鬼) .
The following names were given to them by En no Gyoja after he had saved them from their demon ways
and turned them into good souls:

Zendooki 善童鬼(ぜんどうき) Zendoki / 義覚 / 義学 Gikaku - Gigaku
Myoodooki 妙童鬼(みょうどうき)Myodoki / 義玄 Gigen


dooki 童鬼 Doki "child demon" is the opposite of 鬼童 kido, see below.

Their five children are - - - 真義、義継、義上、義達 and 義元.
五鬼助(ごきじょ)Gokijo, 五鬼継(ごきつぐ)Gokitsugu, 五鬼上(ごきじょう) Gokijo,、五鬼童(ごきどう)Gokido,
五鬼熊(ごきくま)Gokikuma

Their descendants live in the Nara region.
Shugendo Priest 五鬼助義之 is now in the 61st generation, spelling the name 五鬼 Goki.



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奈良県 Nara 天川村 / 天河 Tenkawa

Near the temple 安生寺 Ansho-Ji there are five families, who do NOT prepare chimaki 粽 ritual rice dumplings for the Boy's festival on May 5th and hishimochi 菱餅 red and white dumplings for the Girls's festival on May 3.
These families claim to be descendants of the Demons (Zenki and Goki). The Chimaki look like the tsuno 角 horns of an Oni and the Hishimochi look like oni no shita 鬼の舌 the tongue of an Oni, thus they feel it an insult against the ancestors to prepare them.
During the Setsubun rituals, they never chant
oni wa soto 鬼は外 but only fuku wa uchi 福は内.
. Setsubun Rituals and Oni .

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奈良県 Nara 宇陀郡 Uda district 榛原町 Haibaracho

Families with the name 足立の安達姓 Adachi are descendants of Oni.
In the deep mountain there are three 古墳 Kofun mounds related to the Oni -
黒塚 Kurozuka, 鬼塚 Onizuka and 三ツ塚 Mitsuzuka.

The plain in front of the mounds is 安達ヶ原 Adachigahara. People claiming to be descendants from Oni might be
コロボックルの子孫 Korobokkuru descendants.
. koropokkuru コロボックル "the little people" .
Ainu mythology, Hokkaido. 北海道のアイヌ伝説

. Onizuka 鬼塚 / オニヅカ Demon Mound .

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yamanba 山姥 "mountain hag"
There lived an old woman in the village 笹楽 Sasara.
One day when she was eating chimaki 粽 ritual rice dumplings, she cut her lips. Since then the villagers of Sasara never prepare Chimaki for the Boy's festival rituals.

- - - literature : 大和宇智郡の鬼筋 // 大和に鬼の子孫がいる話


- quote -
Mitsuzuka Mounded Tombs - Kofun
These are three square mounded tombs arranged from east to west on the south side of the Mausoleum of Empress Nakatsuhime.
From east, they are called Yashimazuka Mounded Tomb, Nakayamazuka Mounded Tomb, and Suketayama Mounded Tomb, respectively.
In 1978, large and small shura (wooden sleds) were discovered at the bottom of the surrounding moat between Yashimazuka Mounded Tomb and Nakayamazuka Mounded Tomb, which attracted wide attention from the public.
- source :city.fujiidera.lg.jp/kanko -
大阪府藤井寺市岡1丁目1番1号 市役所6階63番窓口


鬼塚古墳 Onizuka kofun, Kunisaki, Oita
長戸鬼塚古墳 Nagato Onizuka Kofun, Isahaya, Nagasaki

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Yase Dooji 八瀬童子 Yase Doji, Yase no Doji, Hase Doji



八瀬童子(やせどうじ、やせのどうじ、はせどうじ)

. Yase Tenmangu 八瀬天満宮, Kyoto .
In ancient Japan, the term Yase Doji referred to the people who lived in the Yase district of Kyoto and worked for the area's Enryaku temple.
Despite their plebeian status, Yase Doji were prosperous and maintained strong connections with those in power, including emperors, aristocrats and shogun.
After the Meiji Era, they were even entrusted by the government to be the imperial koshi (palanquin) bearers.

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Jooki 浄鬼 (常喜) Joki -- Jooman 浄満 (常満) Joman




滋賀県大津市葛川坊村 Shiga, Otsu, Katsuragawa
When priest 相応和尚 So-O looked for a pure place to practise austerities, he found the river Katsuragawa to be just right. He pleaded with the local Water Deity 思古淵神 Shikobuchi-shin and got the place. The deity also gave him two attendants, Joki and Joman.
Their descendants are living there now for more than 1000 years, as the two families of
葛野常喜家 Katsurano Joki and 葛野常満家 Katsurano Joman. They take part in many rituals.

Once the priest 相応和尚 So-O of the temple 葛川息障明王院 Katsuragawa Sokusho Myo-O In Myo-O In in Shiga found a 霊木 divine tree in the waterfall basin and carved this statue of Fudo Myo-O out of it.
葛川息障明王院 Temple Katsuragawa Sokusho Myo-O In
. 建立大師相応和尚 Konryu Daishi So-O Kasho (833 - 918) .



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kidoo 鬼童 "child demon"


Kidomaru


. Kidoomaru 鬼童丸、鬼同丸 Kidomaru .
After Minamoto Raiko had killed the yokai Shuten Doji, all the girls he had kidnapped ("eaten") were set free to go home. But one had gone so out of her mind, she did not remember where she was from. She was pregnant and eventually gave birth to a baby with all teeth already there. This "Demon Child" 鬼童 Kido grew up and went to Kyoto, trying to kill the brother of Raiko. But he did not succeed and got caught himself.
Kidōmaru is known as both a robber and a magician ... He is the subject of legends of its own.

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and a modern version, appearing in games




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Kidomaru 鬼童丸 learning magic from the Tengu


Utagawa Kuniyoshi 歌川国芳『鬼童丸』

- quote -
Physical description:
Kidōmaru seated cross-legged on the head of a giant python, his hands clasped and two wrapped pine-sprigs in his mouth, a dirk has been driven into the head of the python, around which small snakes are writhing while four tengu watch.

"Kidōmaru is known as both a robber and a magician... The instruction that he receives here from the tengu can only be described as a sort of mystical experience involving self-purgation - he accesses a side of himself that he hitherto was not fully aware of. This Kidōmaru is not derived from the usual source, the Zen Taiheiki, rather he seems to be inspired by Takizawa Bakin's yomihon, Shitennō shōtō iroku (Strange Story of the Eradication of the Wicked Four Retainers,1806). In this yomihon, Kidōmaru competes in practicing magic with Hakamadare Yasuuke. Kidōmaru conjures up a poisonous serpent, whereas Yasuuke produces an eagle.

In this print the head of the giant python is almost as arresting as the countenance of Kidōmaru and provides a second strong focal point. The aomatsuba (wrapped pine sprigs) likewise command the viewer's attention, as do other elements such as the flames and the small writhing snakes. The colours in this print are riveting in their bold juxtaposition of blue and red.

There are two types of tengu, one is winged but has a human face with a very long nose (yamabushi or 'mountain priest' tenfu), the other has a bird's head and a strong, curved beak (karasu or 'crow' tengu). Four of the latter type inhabit the bottom section of this image."
Quoted from: Japanese Warrior Prints 1646-1905 / by James King and Yuriko Iwakiri, p. 269.
- source : woodblockprints.org


. Tengu 天狗 - Introduction - .

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憑き物系統に関する民族的研究
その一例として飛騨の牛蒡種 goboodane from Hida
喜田貞吉 Yoshida Sadakichi (1871 - 1939)
六 chapter 6
牛蒡種は護法胤 ―― 鬼の子孫と鬼筋、鬼と天狗
... 所謂牛蒡種の本場なる上宝村双六谷が、もともと護法なる天狗の棲処であったということは、果していかなる意味であろうか。山城北部の八瀬の村人は、かつては自分で鬼の子孫であることを認めておったもので、それは村人自身の記した八瀬記にそう書いてあるのだから間違いない。そしてその子孫を今に八瀬童子と呼んでいるのは、先祖の鬼を護法童子と見做しての名称であるに相違ない。...
... 五条附近の安生寺 Ansho-Ji 垣内に十四五軒、表野・丹原・池芝などにも一二軒宛あるという。
A very detailed essay !
- reference source : aozora.gr.jp/cards -

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. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 5/28/2017 01:55:00 pm