Showing posts with label Kappa. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kappa. Show all posts

24 Apr 2017

KAPPA ONI - oni wa uchi oni mo uchi


. BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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The normal chant for the Setsubun rituals is :

oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" 
「鬼は―外! 福は―内!」


. setsubun 節分 "seasonal divide" rituals - Introduction .
on February 3, the day before the beginning of spring (risshun 立春) according to the Asian lunar calendar.

For Setsubun, there are usually two demons, Aka-Oni 赤鬼 Red Demon and Ao-Oni 青鬼 Blue/Green Demon. They have two horns and two eyes.


oniuchimame, oni uchi mame 鬼打豆 beans to throw at the demons
..... oni no mame 鬼の豆"beans for the demons

and the famous call accompanying the throwing of the beans :
oni wa soto 鬼は外  "Demons, get out! -
fuku wa uchi 福は内  "Good luck, come in!" 


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But there are some regions in Japan
where the Oni are welcomed into the home - for various reasons.


oni wa uchi 鬼は内 Demons come in!
oni MO uchi 鬼も内
(Good luck come in and) Demons also come in!





There are three places in Nara prefecture, where the Demons are welcomed into the home !

01 - 「福は内、鬼は内」- Fuku wa Uchi, Oni wa Uchi!
- 元興寺 Temple Gango-Ji (奈良県奈良市)
A demon named Gagoze 元興神 drives out evil.
The name of this demon is also spelled 元興寺 / ガゴジ / ガンゴジ


元興寺節分絵馬 ema votive tablet with Gagoze

その昔、元興寺の鐘楼に悪霊の変化である鬼が出て、都の人たちを随分こわがらせたことがあります。その頃、尾張国から雷の申し子である大力の童子が入寺し、この鬼の毛髪をはぎとって退治したという有名な説話があります。
この話から、邪悪な鬼を退治する雷を神格化して、八雷神とか元興神と称することになり、鬼のような姿で表現するようになりました。元興寺にまつわる鬼のことをガゴゼとかガゴジとかガンゴなどの発音で呼ばれ、日本全国にも伝わっているようです。
(さらに詳しい解説はこちら「元興寺の鬼」)and even more details
- reference source : gangoji.or.jp/tera/jap/annai/gagoze -

- quote -
Gagoze
Gagoze is a horrible-looking ghost who haunts the ancient temple Gango-ji in Nara prefecture. His story dates back to the Asuka period (550-710 CE). He is first depicted in illustration in Toriyama Sekien's Gazu Hyakki Yakko, and he is said to take the appearance of a demon in monk's garb.
His story says
that during the time of Emperor Bidatsu, in old Owari province (now Nagoya in Aichi prefecture), lightning struck the ground near an farmer's house. From the lightning emerged a thunder god in the form of a young boy, and the farmer ran outside with a stick to kill the boy. The boy pleaded with the farmer to spare his life, and promised that he would return the deed by giving the farmer and his family a young boy as strong as the thunder god. The farmer agreed, and allowed the thunder god to return to the sky.
Sure enough,
the farmer's wife soon bore a child, and the child was as strong as a thunder god! However, the child was born with a snake wrapped around his head, with the head and tail going down the back like a ponytail. When the boy turned 10, he had grown so strong and proud that he challenged a member of the imperial family to a contest of strength and won.
After this,
the boy was apprenticed to Gango-ji temple. Shortly after that, the belltower boys began dying very strange deaths one-by-one, and rumors began to spread that an oni, or demon, was behind the deaths. The boy wanted to solve the mystery, so he said he would catch the oni. He waited all night by the belltower, and towards dawn finally the oni came. The boy grabbed the oni by the hair and dragged him around so hard that he ripped his entire scalp off, and the oni was able to escape. The boy followed the blood trail left by the oni all the way to its end, where he found the grave of a (former) very lazy and bad temple servant. The lazy servant's ghost had become this terrible ghost-demon, and the boy had defeated it! The boy became famous and grew up to be a priest at the temple, and the oni's scalp became one of the holy treasures of Gango-ji.
The story doesn't really tell too much about the yokai itself, but it does at least explain who Gagoze was: a lazy priest-servant-turned-demon-ghost who liked to kill children! ...
- source : Matthew Meyer -


source : fukunaga.deviantart.com/art/Gagoze

- quote -
Wie es kam, dass einer dem Donner einen Gefallen tat
und ihm ein Kind von großer Kraft geboren wurde.

Zur Zeit des Bidatsu Tennō 敏達天皇,
in der Provinz Owari 尾張国, bewässerte ein Bauer ein Reisfeld, als es zu regnen begann und der Blitz vor ihm einschlug. Der Blitz nahm die Gestalt eines Kindes an. Der Bauer wollte das Kind mit einer Stange züchtigen, wurde aber vom Kind angehalten es zu verschonen. Als Gegenleistung werde es ihm seine Nachsicht mit einem Kind belohnen, wenn der Bauer ihm ein Kampferboot baue.
Kurze Zeit später
wurde dem Bauer ein Kind geboren, das eine zweimal herumgewundene Schlange um den Kopf hatte. Als das Kind sein Jugendalter erreichte, hörte es von einem starken Prinz der nordöstlich des Kaiserlichen Palast lebte. Also machte er sich auf die Stärke dieses Prinzen auszutesten. Es kam zu einem Weitwurfwettbewerb mit einem schweren Stein zwischen dem Knaben und dem starken Prinz. Als der Prinz dem ebenfalls kräftigen Knaben unterlag, versuchte er diesen zu fassen, schaffte es aber nicht ihn einzuholen. So musste er den Knaben als ihm überlegen anerkennen. Einige Zeit später wurde der Knabe ein Gefolgsmann des Gangō-Tempel 元興時. Dort wurde jede Nacht ein Novize des Tempels ermordet. Der Knabe nahm sich vor, dem ein Ende zu setzen. Er vertrieb den Unhold, nachdem er ihm alle Haare ausgerissen hatte, erfolgreich. Dies stellte sich als der Geist eines schlechten Tempeldieners 悪奴 heraus.
Der Knabe
wurde ein Laienmönch und lebte weiter im Gangō-ji. Als die Prinzen die Bewässerung der Felder des Tempels verhindern wollten, nahm er einen Stein der zu schwer für 100 Männer war und blockierte den Zugang zur Wasseröffnung. Die Prinzen waren verschreckt von seiner Stärke und ließen den Tempel fortan in Ruhe.
Der Laienmönch wurde bekannt als
Dharma Meister Dōjō 道場法師, der Held des Gangō-ji. Seine enorme Kraft war die Belohnung für Wohltaten in seinen vergangenen Leben.
- source : univie.ac.at/rel_jap/ryowiki -


鳥山石燕『画図百鬼夜行』Toriyama Sekien

. Gangōjil 元興時 Temple Gango-Ji .


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02 - 鬼は内、福は内」- Oni wa Uchi, Fuku wa Uchi !
- 天河神社 - Tenkawa Jinja

On the eve of Setsubun, the shrine becomes the home of the oni 鬼の宿 until the rituals are over.
February 2 - 鬼の宿(神迎えの神事)
The Oni get にぎりめし O-Nigiri rice balls and 梅干し Umeboshi dried plums for dinner.



The shrine is relate to the Demons Zenki and Goki.
天河社社家は、役行者の供に祀られております前鬼、後鬼の子孫と言い伝えられており、節分祭宵の晩『鬼の宿』として、先祖である鬼(神)をお迎えします。かつて天川の民が新しい年(節分)を迎える前夜、里宮を通して祖先の霊を迎えた古い信仰の名残りともいわれる神仏習合の神事です。

- HP of the Shrine
奈良県吉野郡天川村坪内107
- reference source : tenkawa-jinja.or.jp -

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奈良県 Nara 天川村 / 天河 Tenkawa

. the Demon Zenki 前鬼 and his wife Goki 後鬼 .

At the home of the 柿阪秀元氏 Kakisaka Hidemoto family, on the eve of the Setsubun ritual in spring, they place ritual water at the entrance and prepare a special seat for the Oni to take a rest.
They do not pierce the head of a sardine (a custom to drive away the Oni), and they call
"Fuku wa Uchi, Oni wa Uchi" May good luck come in, may the Demon come in!
The family is said to have Zenki and Goki as their ancestors.

The shrine 天河神社 Tenkawa Jinja also sells an amulet for
. shogei jootatsu 諸芸上達守 progress in all arts .

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oni no shison 鬼の子孫 / onisuji 鬼筋 descendants of the Oni
Near the temple 安生寺 Ansho-Ji there are five families, who do NOT prepare chimaki 粽 ritual rice dumplings for the Boy's festival on May 5th and hishimochi 菱餅 red and white dumplings for the Girls's festival on May 3.
These families claim to be descendants of the Demons (Zenki and Goki). The Chimaki look like the tsuno 角 horns of an Oni and the Hishimochi look like oni no shita 鬼の舌 the tongue of an Oni, thus they feel it an insult against the ancestors to prepare them.
During the Setsubun rituals, they never chant
oni wa soto 鬼は外 but only fuku wa uchi 福は内.

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03 「福は内、鬼も内」- Fuku wa Uchi, Oni mo Uchi!
金峯山寺蔵王堂(奈良県吉野郡吉野町)Kinpusen-Ji, Zao-Do

Many demons that are driven out at Setsubun come here for a rest. They are welcomed and some have a change of heart and become benevolent Oni afterwards.
The rituals on February 3 are called
onibi no saiten 鬼火の祭典 Onibi Festival





. . . CLICK here for more Photos !


. Kinpusenji Yoshino 金峯山寺 吉野山 Kinpusen-Ji .
Zaodoo 蔵王堂 Zaodo Hall for Zao Gongen

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There are other places in Japan, where the Demons are welcomed into the home !

「福は内、鬼は内」- Fuku wa Uchi, Oni wa Uchi!
- 稲荷鬼王神社 Inari Kio Jinja (新宿区歌舞伎町)Shinjuku, Tokyo

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「福は外、鬼は内」- Fuku wa Soto, Oni wa Uchi!
- 千蔵寺 Senzo-Ji (神奈川県川崎市)Kanagawa-ken, Kawasaki-shi, Kawasaki-ku, Nakaze, 3

- HP of the temple
- reference source : tesshow.jp/kanagawa/kawasaki -

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鬼は外」は禁句 - Oni wa soto is not allowed to chant.
大須観音 Osu Kannon

愛知県名古屋市中区大須2-21-47
. Oosu Kannon 大須観音 Osu Kannon .

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「福は内」 - only Fuku wa Uchi!
- 成田山新勝寺 Shinsho-Ji (千葉県成田市)




beans to invite the Oni in ! 招福豆

. Narita San 成田山 Shinshō-ji 新勝寺 .

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 伝統的な商家 old merchant families chant only
「鬼は内」Oni wa Uchi !

The word ONI is seen as a pun with 大荷 "a big load of merchandise", so to keep the business prosperous, they invite it inside.

- reference source : blog.narasaku.com -

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Oni wa uchi fuku wa soto
by Keisuke Nishimoto; Yutaka Murakami (Author)

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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愛媛県 Aichi 越智郡 Ochi district 魚島村 Uoshimamura

For Setsubun, farmers put together a bunch of Susuki grass with leaves of メッツタ Metta and ホーベーの葉 Hoobee to ward off the Demons.
At home they use the normal chant for Setsubun 「福は内、福は内、鬼は外、鬼は外」.
On their fishing boats they chant:
「ふか外、ふか外、鬼は内、鬼は内」- Oni wa uchi!
Good Luck get out, Demons come in!



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石川県 Ishikawa 金沢市 Kanazawa

Once upon a time an Oni appeared at the home of the 富永家 Tominaga family and since that time, the family was blessed with good fortune.
Since then, they throw beans and chant at Setsubun
福は外鬼は内 Fuku wa soto, Oni wa uchi!
Once there was a fire in the castle town of Kanazawa. A black cloud in the form of an Oni appeared over their house and spread like an umbrella, protecting it from burning down.


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 4/11/2017 02:05:00 pm

KAPPA ONI - onigokko onibarai


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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onigokko, oni-gokko 鬼ごっこ game of tag
onigoto 鬼ごと


Tag is a playground game that involves two or more players chasing other players in an attempt to "tag" or touch them, usually with their hands.
This game was already popular in the Edo period, in a version called :
ko o toro ko toro 子をとろ子とろ / 子を捕ろ子捕ろ "get hold of a child, get it!"


守貞漫稿 Morisada Manko

One player is the Oni, one is the parent and all the others are children. The children try to hide behind the parent. The Oni tries to grab the last child in line. The parent spreads out his arms and tries to ward off the Oni.
As they run, the row of children begins to sway like a serpent or a whirlpool.


source : Waseda University Library

幼童遊び子をとろ子とろ osana asobi ko o toro ko toro
歌川広重 Utagawa Hiroshige

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This game has a long history, all the way to Hell,
where 地蔵菩薩 Jizo Bosatsu is trying to lead the poor souls out of hell, past the Oni guardian.



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During the Heian period, there was a ritual at the court called
onibarai no gishiki 鬼払いの儀式 "driving out the demons"
oniyarai 鬼遣らい

which is seen as the beginning of Onigokko.
This ritual was performed as a prayer for 五穀豊穣 gokoku hojo, the fertility of the five grains and thus a good harvest.

There was also a chasing game called
hifukume ひふくめ - ヒ+フ+クメ : One Two and Three
久米(来目)とは「三(みつ).hi fu kume

- quote -
In the beginning of the Heian period, Hososhi who appears and runs around at new year eve's court function "Oni-yarai" in the greater palace is considered the origin of any stories about "Oni", which stands for a devil. His manner reminds us of the familiar "Onigokko" that the "Oni" chases children, while "Oni" is emphasized with objection, it is overlapped as one of the old "Onigokko" named "Kakure-Oni" (Hidden Oni).

By contrast, in the Edo period, there was "Hifukume" who appears in Kottoshu, Santokyo-den (an old literature).

In the middle of Heian period, when a Buddhist monk called Eshin Sozu Genshin preaches people, he used a format that Jizo Bosatsu protects against "Oni" who chases children.
Whether or no, these three elements of "Parent", "Children", "Oni" hold an important fact in the game, and it is easy to imagine that the game was spread around for the children naturally.

And now, "Hifukume" comes down to "Kotoro kotoro" more than it was expected.


Here is a picture of a swallow playing "Kotorokotoro", drawn by Hiroshige Ando, from late Edo period when Ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock prints) established one culture. It is a surprising fact that Ukiyoe artist Hiroshige drew it, but fresh looking swallow's faces are attractive.

There is almost no children who know about "Kotorokotoro" as a game nowadays. I have a sense of crisis about the situation that "Onigokko" which came down from the Heian period and in which parents protect children, or "Onigokko" that is a tool to know community and the way of contacting people to people is disappearing even though it is a most well-known one.


- Internatinal Onigokko Association - Onigotter Japan -
- reference source : onigokko.or.jp - 鬼ごっこ協会公式へようこそ

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. Genshin 源信 Eshin Soozu 恵心僧都 Eshin Sozu (942-1017).

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source : ameblo.jp/onigokko-kyoukai/entry


. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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千葉県 Chiba

During the Setsubun ritual of Onibabari 鬼払い driving out the demons,
there are three Oni, ao-oni 青鬼 Blue Demon, aka-oni 赤鬼 Red Demon and kuro-oni 黒鬼 Black demon.
People who take over the part of these three Oni will not experience and evil or bad influence, will not be called to the military and will not be the target of shooting. So there are many young men who want to become Oni during the Setsubun rituals.




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新潟県 Niigata  笹神村 Sasakamimura  

Once upon a time
the girls were playing tag. One of the girls felt a strange pain in her shin and when she looked, the flesh had split and she was almost bleeding. She tried to be brave and walked all the way to the bridge. At the bridge blood was suddenly flowinig out of her leg.
It must have been a kamaitachi かまいたち "sickle weasel".

. kamaitachi 鎌鼬 cut of the skin by a cold sucking wind .
- kigo for winter
and also a strange Yokai monster.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
- reference - 鬼ごっこ -

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. - - - Join the Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 4/14/2017 01:27:00 pm

ONI - jigoku hell demons devils


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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jigoku no oni 地獄の鬼 demons of the Buddhist hell
densetsu 伝説 and their legends


On the way to the Buddhist after-life, the dead has to cross
. Sanzu no Kawa 三途の川 River Sanzu, the river on the way to hell .

Next he will meet
. Enma-O 閻魔天、閻魔王 the King of Hell, Emma .
for his verdict : Heaven or Hell ?!


CLICK for more hell paintings !

Many paintings tried to scare people of the Demons of the Buddhist Hell
. jigokue, jigoku-e 地獄絵 paintings of the Buddhist hell .
地獄草子 Jigoku Soshi - Hell Scroll


. Juu Oo 十王, Juo, Ju-O - 10 Ten Kings of Hell - Ten Yama Kings .
- Introduction -

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. onigokko, oni-gokko 鬼ごっこ game of tag .

This game has a long history, all the way to Hell,
where 地蔵菩薩 Jizo Bosatsu is trying to lead the poor souls out of hell, past the Oni guardian.




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The hot spring Chinoike jigoku 血の池地獄, the "Blood Pond Hell", based on an image of hell found in Buddhism.

. Oita 大分県の鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends .

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In the 地獄道 Jigokudo, the Realm of Hell,
there are 8 hot and 8 cold hells. Here the Oni serve as gokusotsu 獄卒 wardens of hell to torture the dead.

. jigokudoo 地獄道 Jigokudo, the Realm of Hell .
one of the The Six Realms in the Buddhist after-life.

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. gakidoo 餓鬼道 Gakido, The Realm of Hungry Ghosts .
Good people go to Heaven, bad people fall into hell and become Hungry Ghosts.
Their necks are so thin, they can not drink water. If they see water, it turns into flames in front of their eyes.




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. Onibashi 鬼橋 the Demon Bridge .
and the Hell Demon vassals of Taishaku Ten 帝釈天が眷属の鬼


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oni kyoogen 鬼狂言 Oni Kyogen - Kyogen performances with Oni
There are various Kyogen performances with Oni as their subject.




. kyoogen 狂言 Kyogen performance .
"mad words" or "wild speech"

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One story is about the strong man, Asahina.
The Oni of Hell eventually have to let him go and he heads for 極楽 Gokuraku, the Buddhist Paradise.

. Asahina Saburo Yoshihide - 朝比奈三郎義秀 . 13th century
the son of Wada Yoshimori 和田義盛 (1147-1213).

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武悪(ぶあく) Buaku, Bu-aku - 武悪『あずき』 azuki - 小豆武悪(あずきぶあく)Azuki Buaku
Oni-buaku, 青 Ao-buaku
Azuki - the most typical Oni masks in Kyogen

For Setsubun and special plays, such as
oni no mamako 鬼の継子 The Stepchild of an Oni
蓬莱の島の鬼 the Oni of Horajjima, Asahina and 八尾 Yao

- reference source : material.miyazaki-c.ed.jp/ipa  -

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蓬莱の島の鬼 the Oni of Horaijima

Nagano 長野県
狂言「節分」では蓬莱の島から来た鬼が家にやってきて、女性にだまされ隠れ蓑を巻き上げあられてしまい、豆を投げつけられる。鬼は霊山から来るというのは現在とは違っている。蓑虫伝説との関係があるのではないか。

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oni no mamako 鬼の継子 The Stepchild of an Oni

- reference English : oni no mamako -

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八尾 Yao - Kyogen - Netuske

Jookooji 常光寺 Joko-Ji and the Yao Jizo 八尾の地蔵
- quote -
昔むかし八尾の里の住人で、生前一度も後生を願ったことのない不信者が死んで、冥土に旅立つことになりました。不信者は閻魔大王の審判で地獄に落とされることが心配です。ふと八尾を立つ時に、常光寺の地蔵さんから閻魔大王にあてた手紙を預かっていることに気づきました。 初めは、何がなんでも地獄へ落としてやろうと閻魔大王は取り合わなかったのですが、不信者が必死になって頼むので、手紙を開いてみると、昔なじみの地蔵尊からの手紙でした。
八尾地蔵尊 地蔵尊は「この者の親戚に大変な篤信者がいて、世話になっている。その人に免じてこの者を極楽へやってください」と書いていました。閻魔大王は「八尾の地蔵といえば、昔大変な美僧で、わしとことのほか仲が良かった。その地蔵の頼みとなれば仕方がない」と言って、不信者を極楽へ送るよう取り計らったとのことです。
- HP of the temple
大阪府八尾市本町5-8-1 / 5 Chome-8-1 Honmachi, Yao-shi, Ōsaka-
- reference source : jyokouji.com/about/kyougen -


A Sinner with References and the King of Hell - (Yao)
- full text in English :
- source : kyogen-in-english.com/wp-content -

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. Mibu Kyogen 壬生狂言 .
At the temple Mibudera 壬生寺 Mibu-Dera, Kyoto



Sai no Kawara 賽の河原 One of the typical performances of the Temple, to show the deep mercy of Jizo Bosatsu, trying to save the sinners from falling into hell.
The mask of the Oni is especially fearful, but sometimes the performance of the Oni is quite humorous.
閻魔の庁での閻魔の裁きや鬼の責めなど、恐ろしい場面が続くが、ユーモラスな鬼の演技が緊張をほぐし、壬生狂言の宗教劇としての優れた面を表している。
- reference source : mibudera.com/k_09 -

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


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愛知県 Aichi 豊田市 Toyota

oni no ido 鬼の井戸 the well of the Demon
At the Jigokudani 地獄谷 "hell valley" at the river 田代川 Tashirogawa there are three huge boulders, called "Oni no zashiki" 鬼の座敷 "Living room of the Oni".
The middle one is very much indented and always filled with water, called "the well of the Demon".
People who had to go downriver to have a rain ritual had to purify their bodies before using this water.
Once one of the 八大龍王 eight great dragon kings, 八坂龍王 Yasaka Ryu-O, passed here. He became thursty on the way and made this water gather in the dent. But then he became more angry and let heavy rain fall.



- one more legend about oni no ido
. Oni no Ido at 大分市 Oita city .


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青森県 Aomori

Jizoo Son 地蔵尊 Jizo Bosatsu
at 恐山 菩提寺 temple Bodai-Ji, Mount Osorezan

The statue of Jiso Bosatsu at the temple is out all night to help the dead children and sinners from the fangs of the Oni. To help them all fast, he has cut off the long sleeves and sems of his robe and slams his 錫杖 staff on the rocks with a loud noise.
The feet of the statue are always covered with sand - they say.



. Osorezan 恐山 Osoresan "Mount Fear" .


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福井県 Fukui 武生市 Takefu 坂口村 Sakaguchimura

jigoku no kama no futa ake 地獄の釜の蓋あけ opening the lid of the chauldron of hell
From August 14 to 16, during the O-Bon rituals,
the lid of the hell chauldron is opened and an Oni with his Kanabo throws out the dead people that got stuck under the lid. The living have to go to a temple and welcome their dead home, otherwise the dead souls will hang out at the eaves of the temple all the time.




. 地獄の釜の蓋が開く日 jigoku no kama hiraki .
In January and July, Emma (Enma, Ema) is out on a holiday (Emma saijitsu 閻魔賽日 and the lid to the chauldron of hell was opened 地獄の釜の蓋が開く日, so these two days are best to visit a temple where Emma is enshrined (閻魔堂 Emado).


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大阪府 Osaka 箕面市 Mino town - 茨木市 Ibaraki town

If someone tells a lie, the Oni from hell come and pull out the tongue with a kuginuki 釘抜き nail puller.
.
If people eat roasted beans with the skin peeled off at Setsubun, they will be made to peel off the skin of stones when they go to hell.


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鳥取県 Tottori

jigokuana, jigoku-ana 地獄穴 the cave of hell

To the left of the waterfall 亀ヶ滝 Kamenotaki at 高山の焼山 there is a cave called "Cave of Hell". In former times there lived the Oni, and also the 平家の落人 samurai of the Heike clan in hiding.
If someone asks for plates and cups for a village ceremony and later comes back to this cave, the things he needed will be placed on the rocks. But you have to bring them back cleaned after use.
Then one day a farmer did not bring the plates and cups back and since then, the Oni never lent them to the villgers.
(This kind of legend is also known in other parts of Japan, where the Kappa or a Snake or other local Yokai monster does the lending.)


. The Heike Clan and Oni - Legends .


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山梨県 Yamanashi 北杜市 Hokuto town 白州町 Hakushumachi

If someone dies during the O-Bon rituals in August, he is put in his grave with a basket on his head. Since he has to go to hell for the first time, together with the other dead relatives of former years, the Demons of Hell hit his head to show who is the new master now, and the basket can protect him.

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -




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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 4/16/2017 09:53:00 am

13 Apr 2017

ONI - oni me eyes



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me 鬼の目, 鬼の眼 / medama 鬼の目玉 - 伝説 
Demon Legends about the eyes and eyeballs





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- - - - - Two proverbs with the eyes of Oni - - - - -

oni no me ni mo namida 鬼の目にも涙 tears even in a demon's eyes



This proverb has two meanings:
1- Even a very heartless and cruel being can be moved to tears when something really sad happens to him
2- false sympathy; crocodile tears


Calendar from 2011 - April


source : zakki.kinoko.sub.jp/?eid

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oni no me ni mo minokoshi 鬼の目にも見残し even demons fail to see some things



鬼のようにくまなく目を光らせている人でも、時には見落としや不注意があるというたとえ

Even with their three eyes, Oni do not see everything!

The two Oni for Setsubun usually have only two eyes, see some legends below.
They also have only two horns.

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- - - - - Oni are often depicted with three or more eyes:

mitsume kozoo 三つ目小僧 little demon with three eyes


source : 章魚庵つれづれ通信
"Gazu Hyakki Yagyoo" "画図百鬼夜行"



source : nichibun yokai database

mitsume no oni 三つ目の鬼 Demon with three eyes
He wears a white robe and a blue koshimaki 腰巻き loincloth.


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oni no medama 鬼の目玉 eyeballs of a demon
an enormous nigiri rice ball which looks like the eye of a demon
served at the restaurant Onikenbai in Kitakami, Iwate
- source : kitakami-kanko.jp/english -


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. oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" - Setsubun .

栃木県 Tochigi 宇都宮市 Utsunomiya

The chant for Setsubun:
「福は内福は内鬼は外、鬼の目玉をぶっつぶせ」
Fuku wa uchi Fuku wa uchi, Oni wa soto, Oni no medama o buttsubuse!
Smash out the eyeballs of the Oni !

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鬼の眼 - 土門拳の仕事 Oni no Me - The Work of Domon Ken



. Domon Ken 土門拳 - Photographer (1909 - 1990) .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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群馬県 Gunma 吾妻郡 Azuma district 嬬恋村 Tsumagoi

. mayudama 繭玉 (まゆだま) "silk cocoon balls" .
Mochi or dango for the New Year celebrations of the Silk protecting deities



On January 31 silk farmers prepare these 繭玉 balls from a dough of rice, wheat and millet flour. They are called oni no medama 鬼の目玉.
They hang them at the entrance and windows as a greeting for the Deities. When an Oni passes the home, he is afraid of these huge "eyeballs" and runs away wast.

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高知県 Kochi 幡多郡 Hata district 大月町 Otsuki

On the eve of Setsubun, the elder sister had been kidnapped by an Oni and taken to a boat. When the younger sister begun to throw beans a the Oni, one of them hit his eye. The Oni got real wild and the ship sank. The elder sister could swim and reached the shore safely.
Another version tells of the girl being saved by her brother.

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京都府 Kyoto 鞍馬 Kurama

kijin 鬼神 / キジン Demon Deity
Once in the deep woods of 鞍馬山 Mount Kurama, the Tengu-priest 僧正 Sojo went to the edge of 谷御菩薩池 the pond Mizoroike and released two Kijin who lived in a hole there. But 毘沙門天 Bishamonten, the Protector Deity of Mount Kurama, found out about it and prepared beans the size of huge boulders to throw at the demons. He wanted to wipe out the eyes of the demons but could not aim properly.
This is the beginning of the mamemaki 豆撒き bean-throwing custom of Setsubun, they say.
Grains have a great vital power and were thought to 魔除け ward off evil influence.
The word MAME (beans) was originally written 魔滅 to wipe out demons. To make sure the beans would never grow again, they had to be roasted 炒った豆 before throwing them at the demons.


Kurama no oni taiji 鞍馬の鬼退治

. Kuramayama 鞍馬山 Mount Kurama and its legends .

. oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" - Setsubun rituals .


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三重県 Mie 熊野市 Kumano

An old legend tells about
. Sakanoue no Tamuramaro 坂上田村麻呂 . (758 - 811)
He once went to Onigajo 鬼ヶ城 "the castle of the demons" in Kumano and shot arrows with
yomogi ヨモギ mugwort and susuki ススキ pampas grass into the eyes of the Oni.
This is the origin why people throw mugwort and susuki on the roof during the Setsubun rituals.

- - - - -

On the evening of the last day of the year,
people stick the head of the fish saira サイラ Pacific saury in the local dialect, on the branches of oka オカの葉 and also prepare roasted beans. With oni no metsuki 鬼の目つき, a threatening stare like out of the eyes of an Oni, they place these at the entrance of the home.
They hope that the demons will pass their home on their ramble on the last night.



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鈴鹿市 Suzuka

. hiiragi 柊 holly, Osmanthus heterophyllus .
hiiragi sasu 柊挿す (ひいらぎさす) piercing with a holly
The holly branch with a sardine fish head is placed outside of the front door to ward off evil influence and keep you healthy. The demons do not like the smell of this fish and keep off. Demons also fear that the sharp needles of the holly pierce their eyes, so both together are a powerful talisman.
This custom is more common in the Kansai area.



The hiiragi branch is called
oni no mesashi 鬼の目さし piercing of the demon's eyes.
They hang a branch on the 鬼門の窓 window of the Kimon side of the house.

The same custom is observed in other parts of Japan, for example in 枚方市 Hirakata , Osaka.

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宮城県 Miyagi

oni to musume 鬼と娘 Oni and the three girls
Once upon a time
two sisters went to the mountain forest to pick up chestnuts. The evening came fast and they lost their way.
Along came another young woman with firewood in her arms and asked them to stay in her small mountain hut.
"I have been kindapped by an Oni!" she told the sisters.
"And if he comes back, it will be tough luck for you. So better hide here in the big luggage box!"
When the Oni came home he remarked
"Whow, it smells of humans!",
but the young woman could assure him that nobody was there.
"If anybody comes, do not let them run away!" the Oni told her as he left the hut.
In good time the three women fled from the demon hut run away as fast as they could.
They climbed into a cart that could run a thousand miles in no time. But when the Oni found out, he climbed into the other fast cart and pursued them.
When they reached the sea, the Oni took a large drink of seawater, drawing the girls close to his cart.
The three girls took off their underwear and begun to swing their backside, clapping on it with their hands.
The Oni begun to laugh very hard, spit out all the water and with the resulting waves the girls reached the other shore into safety.

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長野県 Nagano

On the last last day of the year (and in the 佐久郡 Saku district for Setsubun), people prepare dumplings on a stick and place them at the entrance door.
The dumplings are called oni no me 鬼の目 or oni no medama 鬼の目玉.
There have to be three dumplings. Oni will then think that the humans living there have three eyes, and get quite frightened, closing their mouth and run away.

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山梨県 Yamanashi

On the last evening of the year, people prepare mugimeshi 麦飯 rice mixed with barley to eat.
This mixture is called
oni no ha 鬼の歯 teeth of a demon

People also place a pole with a bamboo basket in the front garden, called oni no me 鬼の目.
Now they throw their beans at these eyes !



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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
teeth 鬼の歯 - 11 to explore

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. - - - Join the Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 4/11/2017 09:18:00 am

ONI - oni wa soto Setsubun

https://kappapedia.blogspot.jp/2017/04/oni-wa-soto.html

oni wa soto

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oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" 
「鬼は―外! 福は―内!」


. setsubun 節分 "seasonal divide" rituals - Introduction .
on February 3, the day before the beginning of spring (risshun 立春) according to the Asian lunar calendar.



The most common custom is the traditional mamemaki 豆まき / 豆撒き, the throwing of beans (mame) to chase away the evil Oni (demons, ogres, evil spirits).
Grains have a great vital power and were thought to 魔除け ward off evil influence.
The word MAME (beans) was originally written 魔滅 to wipe out demons.
To make sure the beans would never grow again, they had to be roasted 炒った豆 before throwing them at the demons.
Mamemaki started at Mount Kurama in Kyoto.
. Kurama no oni taiji 鞍馬の鬼退治 driving out Oni at Kurama .

For Setsubun, there are usually two demons, Aka-Oni 赤鬼 Red Demon and Ao-Oni 青鬼 Blue/Green Demon. They have two horns and two eyes.


oniuchimame, oni uchi mame 鬼打豆 beans to throw at the demons
..... oni no mame 鬼の豆"beans for the demons

and the famous call accompanying the throwing of the beans :
oni wa soto 鬼は外  "Demons, get out! -
fuku wa uchi 福は内  "Good luck, come in!" "


After the ritual throwing of the beans, family members pick up the number of beans corresponding to their age; eating these brings assurance of good fortune in the coming year.

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. Momotaro 桃太郎 The Peach Boy - Introduction .

桃太郎豆蒔之図 Momotaro Mamemaki no Zu - Momotaro throwing beans





. Tsukioka Yoshitoshi 月岡芳年 (1839 – 1892) .


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source : mag.japaaan.com/step

Momotaro, seen from the angle of the Oni
尾形月耕 Ogata Gekko (1859 - 1920)



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. Otsu-E 大津絵 Paintings from Otsu .

fuku wa uchi 福は内 oni wa soto 鬼は外 
- - - and even
fuku wa soto 福は外 good luck driven out





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The Deities of Good Luck throwing beans at the demons
Daikoku, Ebisu and O-Fuku




. 河鍋暁斎 Kawanabe Kyosai (1831 - 1889) .

. Daikoku and Ebisu 大黒と恵比寿 - Introduction .

. O-Fukuお福, O-Tafuku お多福 - O-Kame お亀 .


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Young Man Throwing Beans at Setsubun 節分の儀式(豆撒き)



鈴木春信 Suzuki Harunobu (1725–1770)

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source : hina.sakura.tv/newpage142

寿好堂よし国 Jukodo Yoshikuni  (late Edo Period, active 1804 - 1843)


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chawan 茶碗 tea bowls with Oni wa Soto !
- Click for more !










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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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愛媛県 Aichi 越智郡 Ochi district 魚島村 Uoshimamura

For Setsubun, farmers put together a bunch of Susuki grass with leaves of メッツタ Metta and ホーベーの葉 Hoobee to ward off the Demons.
At home they use the normal chant for Setsubun 「福は内、福は内、鬼は外、鬼は外」.
On their fishing boats they chant:
「ふか外、ふか外、鬼は内、鬼は内」
Good Luck get out, Demons come in!

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愛媛県 Ehime 西宇和郡 Nishiuwa District 伊方町 Ikata

They follow the usual rituals for Setsubun.
Sometimes they offer タワラギ Tauragi and トベラ Tobera (Pittosporum tobira).
Sometimes they hold the branches of Tobera in the flames to produce a noise.

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福島県 Fukushima 南会津郡 MinamiAizu district 檜枝岐村 Hinoemata

In the times before the War, on the evening before Setsubun, children walked around the village with a bag round the head, calling out for beans.
「豆たんもうれ、豆たんもうれ」
They collected beans and とうきび millet.
The next day they chanted 福は内、鬼は外 - fuku wa uchi, oni wa soto.

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京都府 Kyoto 竹野郡 Takeno district 網野町 Amino

The head of the Adachi clan from Shimazu was on his way home and got lost in the mountain forest. A demon appeared and asked what happened. Eventually the demon agreed to help him and blindfolded his eyes. After a while Adachi heard a voice "Hey, you are home now!" When he took off the blindfold, he stood in front of his home !
From that day on, the Adachi clan never throws beans for Setsubun.

- quote -
The Adachi clan (安達氏)
is a family of samurai who are said to have been descended from Fujiwara no Yamakage. Their historical significance derives from their successes during the Genpei War and their subsequent affiliation with the Hōjō clan.
安達盛長 Adachi Morinaga ((1135 – 1200)
- his son 安達景盛 Adachi Kagemori (? - 1248)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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宮城県 Miyagi 柴田郡 Shibata district 村田町 Murata

Once upon a time the clan of Watanabe lived here.
. Watanabe no Tsuna 渡辺綱 (953 - 1025) .
Most of the villagers are called Watanabe to our day.
Watanabe no Tsuna is famous for the story of 羅生門の鬼 the demons of Rashomon. The Demon of Rashomon shapeshifted into the form of Tsuna's aunt, squeezed half her arm to try and open the gate, then asked Tsuna to open more with the help of a jizaikagi 自在鉤 pot hook. Then she used the hook to open the ceiling hole for the smoke and got away. On her run she slipped and fell, supporting her body with a hand - and the 手型石 stone with her hand imprint is still to be seen.
To our day the people of this village never use a pot hook and have no opening for the kitchen smoke.
During Setsubun they do not shout: Oni wa Soto!





stone with the hand print of the demon / 岩にしっかりとついた手の跡
source : bqspot.com/tohoku/miyagi

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奈良県 Nara

oni no shison 鬼の子孫 relatives of the Oni
安生寺の周囲14、5軒の家では、5月の節句に粽を、また3月の節句に菱餅を作ることをしない。その理由は彼らが鬼の子孫であり、鬼の角の形をした粽、鬼の舌の形をした菱餅を作るのは先祖である鬼に対して申し訳ないためという。節分の日にもこれらの家では「鬼は外」とは言わずに「福は内」とだけ言う。そのため彼らを鬼筋という。

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新潟県 Niigata 東蒲原郡 Higashikanbara district 阿賀町 Aga

昔、頼光と金時と渡辺の綱が鬼退治にいき、綱は鬼の腕をとってきた。次の日の夜、鬼が綱のおばあさんにばけて腕を見に来た。綱は拒んだがおしきられて見せたところ、鬼は正体を出して腕をつかんで高窓から逃げた。以後、渡部姓の家では煙出しの窓をつくらないし、節分の豆まきにも「鬼は外」とはいわない。

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静岡県 Shizuoka 浜松市 Hamamatsu

The chant for Setsubun:
「鬼は外、福は内」のほかに
「隣の婆、婆、屁をひった、しゃらくさい、うーん臭い、まっと臭い、ぷー」
臭いといって鬼が逃げる。
The old hag next door has farted and now it stinks, it stinks, whow, it stinks so much!

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栃木県 Tochigi 宇都宮市 Utsunomiya

The chant for Setsubun:
「福は内福は内鬼は外、鬼の目玉をぶっつぶせ」
Fuku wa uchi Fuku wa uchi, Oni wa soto, Oni no medama o buttsubuse!
Smash out the eyeballs of the Oni !

. me 鬼の目, 鬼の眼 / medama 鬼の目玉 - 伝説 eyes of an Oni - Legends .
- - - - - and more lore about Setsubun

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
節分 - 100 to explore // 鬼は外 - OK

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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