Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts

31 Dec 2017

DARUMA - Darumapedia on Facebook


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Darumapedia on Facebook

- The latest news is always HERE:



. Daruma Museum - Newsletter .  


. . . . . Expanded older entries will be added here since 2016:
. Darumapedia News at Yahoo .


. Darumapedia - small news BLOG .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


The Darumapedia has expanded over the years.
Here is a list (growing) of my presence on facebook :


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Joys of Japan - Main Gallery .   




. Joys of Japan - Poetry for Tohoku .   



. Tohoku Japan - Information .   




. WASHOKU - Japanese Food Culture .   

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. MINGEI - Japanese Folk Art .   



. Kokeshi Gallery .   



. Japanese Festivals - Matsuri .   




. Japanese Interior Gallery .   


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Japanese Literature .   



. Japanese People .   




. Japanese Calendar Days .   


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


. Edo - the Edo Period .   



. Edo - Senryu 川柳 .



. Edo culture via Ukiyo-E 浮世絵 .



. Gofunai 御符内 88 Henro temples in Edo .


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




. Fudo Myo-O 不動明王 .   



. Jizo Bosatsu Gallery 地蔵菩薩  .

- and more -
. Buddha Statues - Japanese Deities .   



. Enku - Master Carver 円空  .




. Buddhist Temples - Japan .   



. Shinto Shrines - Japan .   



. Ta no Kami Yama no Kami 田の神 山の神  .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


. Japan in Spring .   

. Japan in Summer .   

. Japan in Autumn .   

. Japan in Winter .   


. Japan - New Year Season .   




. Fujisan Gallery - Japan .   



. Dragon Gallery - Asian Art and Animals .   



. Japan - Animals .   

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




. Haiku Culture Magazin .



. Matsuo Basho .



. Kobayashi Issa .



. Yosa Buson .



. Masaoka Shiki .


. Mongolia Saijiki - Mongolian Haiku .   



. WKD - World Kigo Database .  



. Japanese Haiku Poets  .   



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


. Kappa 河童 - Kappa san on facebook .



. Manekineko 招き猫 The Beckoning Cat .



. Tengupedia 天狗 - the Tengu Goblins of Japan .



. Onipedia 鬼 - the Demons of Japan .



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. My Treasure Box .   

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


- The latest news is always HERE:


. Darumapedia - Newsletter .  


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

--
Posted By Gabi Greve to Daruma San in Japan, Japanese Art and Culture (01)

12 Dec 2017

GOKURAKU - Yakushi and oni Demons Legends


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .
- Shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 - see below
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Yakushi Nyorai and Oni Demon legends 薬師如来と鬼伝説


source : イスム谷中店 twitter


Yakushi with the lantern-carrying demons
. 天燈鬼 Tentoki and 龍燈鬼 Ryutoki .


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
名古屋市 Nagoya 熱田区 Atsuta

. 高蔵不動院 Takakura Fudo-In .
"Festival of the Demons of Yakushi Nyorai 大薬師の鬼祭"





............................................................................ Mie 三重県
熊野市 Kumano

The samurai 小栗判官 Oguri Hangan had been given poison by his enemies and turned almost into a gaki 餓鬼 hungry demon. Yakushi Nyorai appeared in his dream and told him to go to Yunomine Hot Spring to be healed.

. Oguri Hangan 小栗判官 Legends .
Yunomine Onsen 湯の峰温泉 and Oguri Hangan - 和歌山県 Wakayama



::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 Seven Yakushi Statues


............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府
与謝郡 Yosa district 野田川町 Nodagawa

muchi yakushi 鞭薬師 "whip Yakushi"
麻呂子親王 Prince Maroko Shinno carved seven statues of Yakushi Nyorai and offered them to 天照大神 Amaterasu Omikami with the prayer of help to drive out the Demons of the Oeyama region.
A white dog 白い犬 showed him a cave where he could carve the statues.
The third son of 用明天皇 Emperor Yomei (518 - 587), 金丸親王 Prince Kanemaru Shinno, is also known as
麻呂子親王 Prince Maroko Shinno or 当麻皇子 Prince Taima no Miko.
Many legends about this prince are found in the region of 福知山 Fukuchiyama.
Some are related to 吉田氏 the family Yoshida which is now known as 鞭氏 Muchi family.

After carving the statues he was powerful enough to drive out the 鬼神 Kijin Demons.
The demons hid in a cave called

鬼の岩屋 Oni no Iwaya.

Maroko had victory over the three demons at 大江山 Mount Oeyama:
英胡 Eiko, 軽足 Karuashi and 土熊 Tsuchiguma

The three demons 英胡 Eiko, 軽足 Karuashi and 土熊 Tsuchiguma
They lived with their subordinate Demons in the region of Fukuchiyama.
Two of these three, Eido and Karuashi, had been captured and almost killed by the army of Maroko.
Tsuchiguma had been captured alive. He came forth and asked for all Oni to be pardoned.
Prince Maroko had one condition:
"You have to build seven temples, for each of the seven statues of Yakushi Nyorai, in one night!"
The Oni had no difficulty in building these temples and where then banned to
立岩 Tateiwa, a huge boulder at the end of 丹後半島 Tango Peninsula.




The old Temple 無量寺 Muryo-Ji has kept written documents of these events.
京都府福知山市字筈巻963 / 963 Hazumaki, Fukuchiyama-shi, Kyōto

At 雲原 Kumohara there is a valley called 仏谷 Hotokedani, where Prince Maroko prayed for power to drive out the Oni and carved the seven Yakushi statues.
Other temples in Fukuchiyama with legends about Prince Maroko are
長安寺 Choan-Ji / 577 Okunobe, Fukuchiyama, Kyoto
and
願来寺 Ganrai-Ji / 794, Fukuchiyama, Kyoto

The three Oni may be related to the three elements 「火」fire 「風」wind and 「水」water -
necessary elements for the production of iron with tatara bellows, and thus have been sword smiths.
Maybe this is also the reason why Maroko is called 金丸親王 Kanemaru or 金屋皇子 Kanaya (metal hut) in this region.

The Chinese character 胡 in the name of demon 英胡 Eiko might be related to the 胡族 Ko clan from China, famous for their metal making technology.
Other place names in Fukuchiyama which might be related to metal manufacturing are
魔谷 Matani "Devil's valley"(大江町北原)
and
火の谷 Hinotani (valley of fire) - 福知山市天座


. Ooeyama Oni Densestu 大江山鬼伝説 Demon Legend of Mount Oeyama .
related to Saka Doji 酒呑童子 a Sake Yokai Monster .
Shuten-dōji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji 酒顛童子, 酒天童子, or 朱点童子

. Takadono tatara 高殿鑪 Metal making in ancient Japan .

. kishin, kijin, onigami 鬼神の伝説 Oni Deity Demon Legends .


- The Three Legends of Defeating the Oni in Mt. Oe
Prince Maroko - Shuten Doji - Hikoimasu no Kimi and the demon 玖賀耳之御笠 Kugamimi no Mikasa
- source : city.fukuchiyama.kyoto.jp/event... PDF file -


............................................................................................................................................

- quote -
Emperor Yōmei 用明天皇 (Yōmei-tennō, 518 – 21 May 587)

was the 31st Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Yōmei's reign spanned the years from 585 until his death in 587.
..... Because of the brevity of his reign, Emperor Yōmei was not responsible for any radical changes in policy, but his support of Buddhism created tension with supporters of Shintoism who opposed its introduction. .....
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

..............................................................................................................................................


丹後の七仏薬師 Seven Yakushi Temples of Tango
- reference : geocities.jp/k_saito_site -

七薬師伝説 The seven temples with Yakushi Legends

1 - 施薬寺 Seyaku-Ji -- 善名称吉祥王如来 
1369 Taki, Yosano, Yosa District, Kyoto (与謝野町) ・桓武天皇勅願所、旧根本寺

2 - 清園寺 Seion-Ji -- 宝月智源光音自在王如来
(福知山市大江町) - 略縁起と縁起絵は府の指定文化財

3 - 元興寺 Gango-Ji -- 金色宝玉如来
(京丹後市丹後町) 竹野郡 Takeno district

4 - 神宮寺 Jingu-Ji -- 無憂寂勝吉祥如来
(京丹後市丹後町)・・麻呂子親王のものと伝わる墓がある

5 - 等楽寺 Toraku-Ji -- 法界雷音如来
(京丹後市弥栄町) Yasakacho Torakuji, Kyōtango

6 - 成願寺 Jogan-Ji -- 法界勝恵遊戯神通如来
(宮津市) Miyazu city

7 - 多禰寺 Tane-Ji -- 薬師瑠璃光如来
(舞鶴市) 346 Taneji, Maizuru, Kyoto
用明天皇勅願所 Built on request of Yomei Tenno
西国薬師第三十番霊場 Nr. 32 of the Saikoku Pilgrimage to Yakushi Temples


There are other temples claiming to be related to the seven Yakushi statues

円頓寺 Endo-Ji (京丹後市久美浜町 Tango Kumihamacho)
月光寺 Gekko-Ji (廃寺 not existant any more, 、京丹後市大宮町 Tango, Omiya)

- reference source : hirase.sakura.ne.jp/s1/oni -


.......................................................................




Busshoji 仏性寺 Bussho-Ji, now 如来院 Nyorai-In
in 大江町 Oe-cho village. It is close to the Oni no Koryu Hakubutsukan 鬼の交流博物館 Demon Museum.
Hidden in the statue of Yakushi Nyorai is a small statue said to be Maroko himself.
The name of the temple is also 鎌鞭山 Kamamuchizan - referring to the event when Maroko made offerings of the weapons used to capture the demons:
kama 鎌 sickle and muchi 鞭 whip

The name of the temple derives from Bussho-Ji of 高野山真言宗如来院 Nyorai-In at Mount Koyasan.
It is also famous for the legends of Minamoto no Yorimitsu driving out the demons of 大江山 Mount Oeyama.
There is also the
. Onigajaya, Oni-Ga-Chaya 鬼ヶ茶屋 Tea stall of the Demons .

After 1916, 黄銅鉱・磁硫鉄鉱 various metals like brass and pyrrhotite iron were found in the region.

. 源頼光と坂田金時 Minamoto Yorimitsu and Sakata Kintoki .


. Inage 稲毛七霊場 - Seven Yakushi Temples in Yokohama and Kawasaki .

. Akamon Shichibutsu Yakushi Do Hall 赤門七佛薬師堂 .

..............................................................................................................................................


shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 / 七佛薬師 Seven Yakushi statues - the Aura of Seven

- quote -
Lit. seven Buddhas of healing.
Seven manifestations of Yakushi 薬師 or the Master of Healing, said to reside in realms to the east of our world.
They were thought to be efficacious in appeasing the revengeful spirits of fallen political figures implicated in social calamities.
The names in Japanese are as follows (in order of progressive distance from our world):
Zenmyoushou kichijouou 善名称吉祥王, Hougatsu chigon kouon jizaiou 宝月智厳光音自在王, Konjiki houkou myougyou jouju 金色宝光妙行成就, Muyu saishou kichijou 無憂最勝吉祥, Hokkai raion 法海雷音, Hokkai shoue yuge jinzuu 法海勝彗遊戯神通, and Yakushi rurikou 薬師瑠璃光 (this last corresponding to the full name of Yakushi).
First mentioned in the fourth and latest extant Chinese translation in 707 of the YAKUSHIKYOU 薬師経 (Sk:Bhaisajyaguru-sutra, or Scripture of the Master of Healing) a text devoted to the cult of the Buddha Yakushi. In Japan they are represented either by seven independent images or, more frequently, by six or seven figurines attached to the halo of Yakushi sculptures. Popularity and worship of the Seven peaked in the late 8c and 9c.
Today the ritual service dedicated to them Shichibutsu Yakushi-no-hou 七仏薬師の法; first recorded to have been performed by Tendai prelate Ennin 円仁 in 850 survives only in the Tendai 天台 sect, where it is counted as one of the four major rituals shika daihou 四箇大法 of the "Mountain School" Sanmon 山門 or Mt. Hiei 比叡 branch.
- source : JAANUS -




source : The Sumitomo Foundation.

The central statue is 128.1cm, the ones to the right and left are 84.4 - 88.4cm
Made from katsura カツラ / 桂 Japanese Judas tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum.
They are in the temple hall 赤沢薬師堂 Akazawa Yakushi-Do, Iwate.
They date back to the Heian period and the 藤原氏 Fujiwara clan in Hiraizumi.

.......................................................................



- reference source : matumushidera -

Matsumushidera 松虫寺 Matsumushi Temple
千葉県印西市松虫 / Matsumushi, Inzai, Chiba 270-1602
Its statue is 七仏薬師 瑠璃光如来 Yakushi Ruriko Nyorai.

松虫姫伝説 - Legend of Princess Matsumushi

The temple has been founded in 745 on request of 聖武天皇 Emperor Shomu Tenno by 僧行基 Priest Gyoki Bosatsu.


.......................................................................

. Yakushi Nyorai - - by Gabi Greve .

Shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 Sieben Yakushi-Statuen
In der Tendai-Sekte gibt es eine Form der Verehrung des Yakushi in seinen sieben Inkarnationen ( 七仏薬師法 Shichibutsu Yakushiho). Dabei bitten die Gläubigen vor allen Dingen um Heilung von Krankheiten und um eine leichte Geburt.



Eine große und sechs kleine einzelne Statuen des Yakushi Nyorai mit jeweils sieben kleinen Verkörperungen im Nimbus. Entsprechend dem Sutra der sieben Yakushi-Buddhas (Shichibutsu Yakushikyoo).
Diese Stauten werden bei Fürbitten für die Heilung von Krankheiten und um einfache Geburt besonders angebetet.
Diese sieben Figuren haben dann als Inkarnationen des Yakushi eigene Bezeichnungen :



1 Zenmyooshoo Kichijoooo Nyorai 善名称吉祥王如来 Zenmyosho Kichijo-o Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is A - 梵字:ア
The name of his paradise is 光勝国.




2 Hoogetsu Chigonkoo Onjizaioo Nyorai 宝月智厳光音自在王如来 Hogetsu chigonko Oniizaio Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is RA - 梵字:ラ
The name of his paradise is 妙宝国.




3 Konjiki Hookoo Myoogyoojooju Nyorai  金色宝光妙行成就王如来 Konjiki Hoko Myogyo Joju Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is BAA - 梵字:バー
The name of his paradise is 円満香積国.




4 Muyuu Saishoo Kichijoo Nyorai  無憂最勝吉祥王如来 Muyu Saisho Kichijo Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is SHIRA - 梵字:シラ
The name of his paradise is 無憂国.




5 Hookai Raion Nyorai  法海雷音如来 Hokai Raion Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is DAA - 梵字:ダー
The name of his paradise is 法幢国.




6 Hookai Shooe Yuugijintsuu Nyorai 法海勝慧遊戯神通如来 Hokai Shoe Yugi Jintsu Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is A - 梵字:ア
The name of his paradise is 善住法海国.




7 Yakushi Rurikoo Nyorai  薬師琉璃光如来 Yakushi Ruriko Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is BEI - 梵字:ベイ
The name of his paradise is 浄瑠璃国.


..............................................................................................................................................

- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



Join the friends on facebook !


. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .

. Yakushi Nyorai - Legends from the provinces .

. Yakushi Nyorai Pilgrimages 薬師霊場巡り - Introduction .


. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC List .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - #yakushioni #oniyakushi #fukuchiyama #muchiyakushi #shichiyakushi - - -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

--
Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 12/08/2017 09:39:00 am