Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts

31 Dec 2017

DARUMA - Darumapedia on Facebook


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Darumapedia on Facebook

- The latest news is always HERE:



. Daruma Museum - Newsletter .  


. . . . . Expanded older entries will be added here since 2016:
. Darumapedia News at Yahoo .


. Darumapedia - small news BLOG .

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The Darumapedia has expanded over the years.
Here is a list (growing) of my presence on facebook :


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. Joys of Japan - Main Gallery .   




. Joys of Japan - Poetry for Tohoku .   



. Tohoku Japan - Information .   




. WASHOKU - Japanese Food Culture .   

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. MINGEI - Japanese Folk Art .   



. Kokeshi Gallery .   



. Japanese Festivals - Matsuri .   




. Japanese Interior Gallery .   


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. Japanese Literature .   



. Japanese People .   




. Japanese Calendar Days .   


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. Edo - the Edo Period .   



. Edo - Senryu 川柳 .



. Edo culture via Ukiyo-E 浮世絵 .



. Gofunai 御符内 88 Henro temples in Edo .


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. Fudo Myo-O 不動明王 .   



. Jizo Bosatsu Gallery 地蔵菩薩  .

- and more -
. Buddha Statues - Japanese Deities .   



. Enku - Master Carver 円空  .




. Buddhist Temples - Japan .   



. Shinto Shrines - Japan .   


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. Japan in Spring .   

. Japan in Summer .   

. Japan in Autumn .   

. Japan in Winter .   


. Japan - New Year Season .   




. Fujisan Gallery - Japan .   



. Dragon Gallery - Asian Art and Animals .   



. Japan - Animals .   

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. Haiku Culture Magazin .



. Matsuo Basho .



. Kobayashi Issa .



. Yosa Buson .



. Masaoka Shiki .


. Mongolia Saijiki - Mongolian Haiku .   



. WKD - World Kigo Database .  



. Japanese Haiku Poets  .   



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. Kappa - Kappapedia - BLOG .
河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - Kappa, the Water Goblin of Japan!

. Kappa - Kappa san on facebook .

. Kappa - Kappapedia - backup yahoogroups .









. Onipedia - the Demons of Japan .

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. My Treasure Box .   

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- The latest news is always HERE:


. Darumapedia - Newsletter .  


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Daruma San in Japan, Japanese Art and Culture (01)

13 Aug 2017

GOKURAKU - hitokui Jizo man-eating


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- Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - ABC-List -
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hitokui Jizoo 人食い地蔵 Hitokui "man-eating" Jizo
積善院準提堂 Shakuzen-In Juntei-Do
京都市左京区吉田近衛町69 / 69 Yoshidakonoechō, Sakyō-ku, Kyōto

The official name of this Jizo is
Sutoku-In Jizoo 崇徳院地蔵

The pronunciation of Sutokuin changed to Hitokuin and
then finally to ひとくい Hitokui.

Written with Chinese characters, hitokui 人食い comes to mean "man-eating".


This Jizo has been venerated to appease the vengeful spirit of
. Sutoku Tenno, Sotoku 崇徳天皇 (1119 - 1142) .










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準提堂 Juntei-Do Hall is a hall dedicated to Juntei Kannon - 准胝観音 Jundei Kannon (Sunde) .

. Jundei Kannon, Juntei Kannon 准胝 観音 .
Within the six realms of existence, he saves mankind.

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. hitokui Ebisu 人喰いエビス man-eating Ebisu .


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- Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - Introduction -

. Pilgrimages to Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - 地蔵霊場 Jizo Reijo .

. Legends about Jizo Bosatsu - 地蔵菩薩 .




. Join the Jizo Bosatsu Gallery - Facebook .



. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC List .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - #jizohitokui #hitokuijizo #sutokuinjizo #sutokuin - - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 8/10/2017 01:50:00 pm

GOKURAKU - Taizan Fukun Hell King


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. Juu Oo 十王, Juo, Ju-O - 10 Ten Kings of Hell .
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Taizan Fukun 泰山府君 / 太山府君 King of Hell
Taizan-O 太山王(泰山王) King Taizan
Daizan oo 泰山王 Daizan-O (incarnation of 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai)




He is a subordinate of Enmaten 焔摩天 King of Hell.
In Taoism he is called
東嶽大帝(仁聖大帝)Togaku Taitei

He resides in hell and keeps the books where the length of each human life is recorded.


. Sekizan Zen-In 赤山禅院 - Kyoto .
The principal deity, 赤山大明神 Sekizan Daimyojin, "Red-Mountain Shining-Deity", is a brought-back avatar or a double image of Taizanfukun 泰山府君 (Taizan Fukun) in Mt. Sekizan in China
ema 絵馬 votive tablet of 泰山府君 Taizan Fukun




Taizan-ō, 泰山王 King of Hell, Judge in the 7th week, 49th day 七七日49日


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Taizan Fukun - たいざん‐ふくん【泰山府君】 / 泰山王 Taizanoo
Taizan Fukun wird oft zusammen mit Emma als Paar neben einem Jizo Bosatsu dargestellt. In der wallenden Tracht eines chinesischen Richters der Sung-Zeit.
Meist sitzende Statuen mit furchterregendem Gesichtsausdruck. Er hält in der Hand ein Holzszepter mit zwei Köpfen auf einem Lotusblatt (jintoojoo, nintoojoo).

. 10 Höllenkönige (Jûô, juuoo, juo 十王) .
Gabi Greve



Seated statues are depicted with a wooden scepter holding two heads.
(This statue is from Todai-Ji.)


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- quote
泰山府君祭 Taizan Fukun no Sai
TRANSLATION:
the Taizan Fukun (Lord Taizan) ceremony
APPEARANCE:
Taizan Fukun no Sai is one of the most secret and powerful onmyōdō rituals. It is jealously guarded by the few who know it, and strongly coveted by those who don't.
ORIGIN:
This spell was developed in ancient China by Taoist philosophers. It is named for Lord Taizan, the god of the mountain Taishan in Shandong, China and one of the kings of hell. He is one of the most important deities in Onmyōdō. In this ritual, the supplicant beseeches Lord Taizan, Great King Enma, and the other judges of Meido and Jigoku to lengthen a person's life span, save someone from death, or even restore life to the dead. Gold, silver, silk, saddled horses, and human life—usually substitutes in the form of katashiro, or paper dolls—are offered to the gods. No mantras or magical worlds are spoken; the gods are simply invited to sit down and participate. A formal letter of request is read to them, detailing the offerings and the virtues of the supplicants, and the precise divine intervention desired.
The Abe clan was famous for their knowledge of this spell. It is one of the reasons they were able to maintain a monopoly on the imperial Bureau of Onmyōdō. Under their offices, this spell was routinely performed for the emperors in order to increase their life spans and protect the country.
LEGENDS:
Abe no Seimei is particularly famous for his use of Taizan Fukun no Sai. He resurrected his father, who was murdered by Ashiya Dōman, and used it many other times in the service of the emperor and country.
Once, a high ranking monk of Mii-dera known as Chikō fell gravely ill. It was determined that his illness was the result of karma, and thus could not be cured with medicine. Abe no Seimei was summoned. He divined Chikō's fortune, and discovered that death was imminent. However, Abe no Seimei said that if someone was willing to trade life spans with Chikō, he could perform the Taizan Fukun no Sai and save the priest's life.
The priests all looked at each other uncomfortably. As much as they loved and admired Chikō, nobody was willing to sacrifice his own life in order to save him. Finally, a young man named Shōkū—an average pupil who had been studying for many years yet had never attracted the attention of Chikō or the other teachers—stepped forward and offered his own life.
Abe no Seimei accepted the offer. He immediately performed the Taizan Fukun no Sai. Shōkū writhed in anguish, his life span shrinking away, while Chikō rapidly began to recover. Finally, Chikō was cured, and Shōkū lay on death's door. As the young pupil's last breath left his body, he prayed with all his heart to a nearby painting of Fudō Myōō. Just then, tears poured from the painted eyes of Fudō Myōō, and the god's voice was heard:
"If you would take the place of your teacher, then let me take your place instead."
Suddenly, Shōkū and Chikō sat up, both of then restored to life.
- source : yokai.com/taizanfukunnosai

. Abe no Seimei 阿倍晴明 (921 - 1005) .




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東嶽大帝(仁聖大帝)Togaku Taitei




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. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .


. Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja - Fudo Myoo .


. 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来 Bhaisajyaguru - ABC .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

................................................................................. Fukui 福井県 
遠敷郡 名田庄村

Osaisangitsune おさいざん狐 a fox names O-Saizan

加茂神社の岩の上にはおさいざん狐がいる。泰山府君の守り神で、白狐。狐の火の玉が泰山府君の天壇から加茂神社に飛ぶという。

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims - INTRODUCTION .



. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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- - #taizanfukun -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 8/06/2017 02:51:00 pm

HEIAN - Empress Danrin Kachiko


- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. ABC List of Heian Contents .
. Persons of the Heian Period .
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Danrin Koogoo 檀林皇后 empress Danrin Kogo
(786 - 850)
橘嘉智子 Tachibana no Kachiko
daughter of Tachibana no Kiyotomo 橘清友



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the empress consort of Emperor Saga.
According to some sources, she was involved in the conspiracy to accuse Crown Prince Tsunesada in 842 of attempting a coup, thus exiling him and making way for her own grandson Prince Michiyasu to take the throne as Emperor Montoku, in an event known as the Jôwa Incident.
Danrin
is said to have been extremely beautiful, and to have been distressed by the extent to which her beauty distracted Buddhist monks and others from their work or studies. According to legend, she committed suicide and left orders that her body be left unburied at a particular street corner, so that people would see her decaying body and be forced to think about the impermanence of life, beauty, and material desires.
- source : wiki.samurai-archives.com/index... -

She founded the Buddhist temple Danrin-Ji.

Danrin-ji (檀林寺) was Japan's first Zen temple, founded in Saga, Kyōto by order of Tachibana no Kachiko during the Jōwa era. The temple was destroyed by fire in 928, but was restored, and during the Muromachi period the temple was designated as one of Kyōto's five great Buddhist nunneries. The temple eventually fell into disrepair, and in 1339 construction of Tenryū-ji began on its grounds.
- source : wikipedia -

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"Nine Stages of Decomposition of the Heian Period Empress Danrin"
Danrin Koogoo Kusoozu 檀林皇后九相観 Danrin Kogo Kusozu
- source : commons.wikimedia.org/wiki... -
18th century Japanese scroll in the Honolulu Museum of Art, ex. Richard Lane Collection












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CLICK for more illustrations !

The nine stages are:

脹相(ちょうそう) - 死体が腐敗によるガスの発生で内部から膨張する。
壊相(えそう) - 死体の腐乱が進み皮膚が破れ壊れはじめる。
血塗相(けちずそう) - 死体の腐敗による損壊がさらに進み、溶解した脂肪・血液・体液が体外に滲みだす。
膿爛相(のうらんそう) - 死体自体が腐敗により溶解する。
青瘀相(しょうおそう) - 死体が青黒くなる。
噉相(たんそう) - 死体に虫がわき、鳥獣に食い荒らされる。
散相(さんそう) - 以上の結果、死体の部位が散乱する。
骨相(こつそう) - 血肉や皮脂がなくなり骨だけになる。
焼相(しょうそう) - 骨が焼かれ灰だけになる。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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- Reference in Japanese 檀林皇后九相観 -
- Reference in English : empress danrin -

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. Legends - Heian Period (794 to 1185) - Introduction .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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- #danrin #empressdanrin #danrinkogo -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Heian Period Japan on 8/12/2017 02:24:00 pm