Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts

31 Dec 2017

DARUMA - Darumapedia on Facebook


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Darumapedia on Facebook

- The latest news is always HERE:



. Daruma Museum - Newsletter .  


. . . . . Expanded older entries will be added here since 2016:
. Darumapedia News at Yahoo .


. Darumapedia - small news BLOG .

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The Darumapedia has expanded over the years.
Here is a list (growing) of my presence on facebook :


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. Joys of Japan - Main Gallery .   




. Joys of Japan - Poetry for Tohoku .   



. Tohoku Japan - Information .   




. WASHOKU - Japanese Food Culture .   

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. MINGEI - Japanese Folk Art .   



. Kokeshi Gallery .   



. Japanese Festivals - Matsuri .   




. Japanese Interior Gallery .   


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. Japanese Literature .   



. Japanese People .   




. Japanese Calendar Days .   


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. Edo - the Edo Period .   



. Edo - Senryu 川柳 .



. Edo culture via Ukiyo-E 浮世絵 .

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. Fudo Myo-O 不動明王 .   



. Jizo Bosatsu Gallery 地蔵菩薩  .

- and more -
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. Enku - Master Carver 円空  .




. Buddhist Temples - Japan .   



. Shinto Shrines - Japan .   


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. Japan in Spring .   

. Japan in Summer .   

. Japan in Autumn .   

. Japan in Winter .   


. Japan - New Year Season .   




. Fujisan Gallery - Japan .   



. Dragon Gallery - Asian Art and Animals .   



. Japan - Animals .   

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. Haiku Culture Magazin .



. Matsuo Basho .



. Kobayashi Issa .



. Yosa Buson .



. Masaoka Shiki .


. Mongolia Saijiki - Mongolian Haiku .   



. WKD - World Kigo Database .  



. Japanese Haiku Poets  .   



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. Kappa - Kappapedia - BLOG .
河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - Kappa, the Water Goblin of Japan!

. Kappa - Kappa san on facebook .

. Kappa - Kappapedia - backup yahoogroups .







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. My Treasure Box .   

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- The latest news is always HERE:


. Darumapedia - Newsletter .  


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Daruma San in Japan, Japanese Art and Culture (01)

14 Mar 2017

TENGU - Tengu Legends Fukushima


[ . BACK to TOP of this BLOG. ]
. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
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Tengu Legends from Fukushima
福島県の天狗伝説 


Let us start with a sip of the local Daitengu Sake !


大天狗酒造株式会社 -福島県本宮市 Motomiya town - - - Dai Tengu

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Some legends about Tengu, the Mountain Goblin, are told in all of Fukushima, some are related to a special district or village.
Many legends have been collected by 柳田国男 Yanagita Kunio
in a collection named
妖怪名彙 / Yōkai Dangi 妖怪談義 Yokai Dangi



. Yanagita Kunio 柳田國男 .
Kunio Yanagita, Yanagida 柳田国男 (1875 - 1962)

Yanagita Kunio, "Tengu no hanashi" (1909)

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Tengudaoshi, Tengu-daoshi 天狗だおし / 天狗倒し
"Tengu knocking down trees"
- - - 空木倒し sora kigaeshi
- - - 天狗の木倒し Tengu no kidaoshi

The sound of cutting down a tree with a saw or ax is heard at night, but next morning nothing is to be seen.
This refers to strange noises in a lonely forest.
Also in 相馬郡 Soma district 飯舘村 Iidate and 田村郡 Tamura district
This phenomenon is also known in other parts of Japan.

- - - Tengusama 天狗様 Tengu Sama
On the 8th and 9th day in the second and 12th month of the old lunar calendar people were not allowed to work in the mountains. That would certainly bring them bad luck.
Someone who tried to go to the mountain on the 9th day of the second lunar month got hit by a boulder, fell down a crevice and died.


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In the very remote mountains of Fukushima, where people rarely come,
Tengu throw down trees.
Another Yokai monster creature living there is
オンボノヤス Onbonyasu / オボノヤス Obonyasu.
He can blow fog and make the region unsafe. People easily loose their way in his fog.
Maybe 尾のある妖怪.
- reference source : wikipedia -


福島県田村地方の山 The Tamura Mountains, where Obonyaku lives


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福島市 Fukushima city

- - - Yama no Kamisama 山の神様 Deity of the Mountain
Every year on the first of January, February 2 and October 17, the Deity of the Mountain comes down to visit. He is most probably a male Tengu. On these days people involved in forest work come together in the main family home, eat rice cakes and drink Sake. On these days it is not allowed to go to the forest to work.

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東白川郡 Higashi Shirakawa district 古殿町 Furudono

Hime no Gozen Yama 姫の御前山 /姫御前山
at "the Mountain of the Princess" there lives a Tengu.
大きな音に驚かされることがある。ある女が栗拾いに行ってびくを隠されたこともある。ならの木などに房のように下がっているのは天狗の髪だろうとも言っている。


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東白川郡 Higashi Shirakawa district 塙町 Hanawa

- - - Tengu no ashiato 天狗の足跡 footprints of a Tengu
They say the footprints of a Tengu are still visible here.

- And at 古殿町 Furudono Town, 鎌倉岳 Mount Kamakuradake



The legend tells of Waka Poet Sarumaru.
「歌人猿丸が大同年間に葛野より狩りに出て、 たまたま姿を現した白鹿を追って日光に至る途中、鎌倉岳で休みうたた寝をした。
その時夢枕に立った天狗が岩に立って「白鹿は神の使いである」といって立ち去った。夢からさめてみると、岩に天狗の足跡が出来ていたという。」

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In the early Meiji period, some pilgrims wanted to visit Kobugahara.
There was a wicked one among them. When they stayed at an inn in Furudono, he went to have a bath, but he was taken away, including the bath tub, by a tengu.

. Kobugahara 古峯ヶ原 / 古峰原 / コブガハラ Kobugahara . - Gunma
and the Tengu Hayatoboo 隼人坊 Hayato-Bo, Hayatobo

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飯坂町 Iizakamachi

- - - kami kakushi 神隠し kidnapped by the gods
At 七つ森の峠 Nanatsumori Toge pass on the way to Miyagi
以前は、七つ森の峠越しでは天狗様のお怒りにあって神隠しに遭うというので、生臭や女気を断って一週間の行をした。明治の頃、ある人が信じずに山仕事に米を背負って出かけて、行方不明になった。山探しをすると20尺(6m)もある木の上に、米を背負ったまま引っかかって死んでいた。

- - - Tengu-daoshi Tengu-daoshi 天狗だおし / 天狗倒し
山小屋に泊まっていると、狐や狸がカラキガエシをしたり、天狗倒しがあったりする。おかしいと思ったら、燃えさしをぶつければ消える。

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石川郡 Ishikawa district 平田村 Hirata village

A forest worker took his lunchbox to the forest and hung it on a tree branch, while doing his work. At lunchtime, he wanted to eat, but the box was empty.
A Tengu must have had eaten his lunch - for sure.

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いわき市 Iwaki city

The Tengu lives at 団子山 Mount Dangoyama.
Once a man with a twisted neck was healed by this Tengu. Since the man was a painter, he painted the Tengu to show his gratitude.

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At いわき市川中子の愛宕神社 the Atago Shrine of Iwaki
いわき市川中子の愛宕神社には、からす天狗の小絵馬が奉納されている。神通力によって願い事を叶えるためだという。

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いわき郡 Iwaki district 石城郡 いわきのこおり Iwaki nokoori 田人村 Tabitomura

- - - Tengu no warabuchi-ishi 天狗の藁ブチ石
This is the name of a boulder at the Northern side of the Shrine.

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- - - - - Takegarayama 竹柄山 / 竹がら山 Mount Takegarayama
Takegarayama Yazawa, Sukagawa-shi, Fukushima
On the highest place lives a Tengu. When the weather changes to the worst, this Tengu beats a loud drum to warn the people.

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喜多方市 Kitakata town

- - - Tengu no sumootori ba 天狗の相撲とり場
At the place where the Tengu used to practise sumo wrestling, a Tengu once had his long nose come off.
It turned into the flower of 水バショウ Mizubasho, skunk cabbage.


福島市土湯 「びっき沼の水芭蕉」-
Tsuchiyu Hot Spring : Mizubasho from Bikkurinuma swamp



鼻かけ天狗 Tengu who lost his nose
Mukashibanashi story 山梨県 from Yamanashi
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/inehapo/e -

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南会津郡 Minami Aizu district

- - - Tengu-doori 天狗通り Tengu passing
It happens during daytime in the mountain forest. First there is the sound of pyuuun, then the sound of wings flapping.
This is also heard by farmers who try fishing in mountain rivers in the evening.
Another version of Tengu-daoshi.

- - - kami kakushi 神隠し kidnapped by the gods
親類が神隠しにあった。夜には村の山にいたが、夜明けごろになると子馬のようなものが現れて一緒にこいというので、これについていくと、隣村の山に入った。天狗様が現れて、ここにいては悪いから村へ帰れと掴まれて投げられた。

- - - Tengusama 天狗様 Tengu Sama
天狗様の祠にある木の切り株に登って「天狗天狗さらわばさらえ」と大声を張り上げた帰り道、グイグイ後ろに引かれた。振り返ると鎌が1、2間先に落ちていたので拾った。家に帰るとまた鎌が無くなっていた。数日して、木の上数間のところに鎌がかかっていた。天狗の仕業であるという。
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In Inamura village 伊南村の宮澤の人が黒谷入という所で魚を釣っていると影がさした。じっとみると水鏡に赤い顔で鼻の高い人が覗いていた。天狗様だろうということであった。
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- - - 朝日村 Asahi village 丸山岳 Mount Maruyamadake
Tengu no Hanabatake 天狗のお花畑
Flower Garden of the Tengu


This mountain is the dwelling place of Tengu since olden times. It has a large plain on its top, where many mountain flowers blossom.
The locals call it the Flower Garden of the Tengu.

- - - Hachiroozaemon 八郎左衛門
The Honest, Pious Hachirozaemon

Hachirozaemon had a large swelling on the cheek To get healed he had to dance with a Tengu, who then took away the lumpy swelling.
Another man who could not see with one eye tried the same. But he was a bad, wicked person and thus he did not get healed but instead even got the lump of Hachirozaemon on his cheek too.

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- - - Tengu tsubute-ishi 天狗礫石 Tengu throwing gravel stones
At night there is a sound of stones hitting the wooden rain shutters. They say a Tengu is trying to take an aim.

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- Odegusama, O-Degu Sama オデグ様
"The honorable huge one", 男の神様 a Mountain Deity

Once a woman at the other side of the river had a competition with him, throwing stones. The stones war called Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengu stones. They have fallen down along the mountain forest of O-Degu Sama.

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南会津郡 Minami Aizu district 大宮村 Omiyamura village

Below the 天狗岩 Tenguiwa boulder is a 天狗堂 Tengu Hall.
山道を登りつめた所に小祠があり、玉石が沢山おいてある。村の人達はこの玉石を、他の天狗とけんかした際に向山から飛んで来たものだと言っている


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大沼郡 Onuma district 金山町 Kaneyama

Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 Tengu Boulder
In former times at the Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 Tengu Boulder, people could hear the sound of Tengu cutting wood.

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昔、山小屋で寝ていると突風が吹いて木が倒れる音がした。翌朝見に行っても何も倒れていない。また石が飛んで来て岩などに当たるような音がする。また夜寝ていると小屋ごと持ち上げられることがある。天狗の悪口を言わないでいると元に戻る。

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白川郡 Shirakawa district 表郷村 Omotego village

At Mount Tenguyama 天狗山 Tengu-Yama,
there lives the Tengu. He lives in the high regions and has a very long nose.
Shirakawa's Tengu Mountain - a beautiful scenery with large rice fields at the feet of the mountain.

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相馬郡 Soma district

- Tengu no Mori 天狗の森 Forest of the Tengu
夜になると怪しい青い火が燃えたり、この森に入って帰らなくなった人もあり、天狗の仕業だといって近寄る人もなくなったという。

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相馬郡 Soma district 飯舘村 Iidate

- - - Above のべがみ森 Nobegamimori Forest
there lives a Tengu. Some people have been shocked and surprized by him.

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耶麻郡 Yama district

kasakake matsu 笠かけ松 / 笠掛けの松 pine to hang a straw hat
護法山頂上の笠かけ松は、昔、天狗が人をさらっていって、その人を掛け、また衣類をさらした松だという。人かけ松・笠かけ松といって2本あったが、今は人かけ松は枯れ、笠かけ松のみ残っている。

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. Fukushima Masanori 福島正則 (1561 - 1624) .

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Tengu no ashiato 天狗の足跡 footprints of a Tengu

see above 東白川郡 Higashi Shirakawa district.



- CLICK for more regional photos ! -

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茨城県 Ibaraki 新治郡 Niihari district 八郷町 Yasato machi

これをこの土地の耕作者が移動させようとしたところ、怪我をしたのでやめた。


愛宕山は天狗 From the Tengu of Mount Atagoyama


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香川県 Kagawa 高松市 Takamatsu city

天狗をまつった祠に奉納した下駄にまつわる話。奉納した夜、天狗が山を履き歩き、翌日下駄には泥土と天狗の足跡がついている。


飯野山 Iinoyama (讃岐富士 Sanuki Fuji )


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長野県 Nagano 駒ヶ根市 Komagane city

丸い大きな石の扁平なところに8文くらいの足跡が2尺ほどの間をおいて2つついている。天狗の足跡だという。

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和歌山県 Wakayama 西牟婁郡 Nishimuro district 日置川町 Hikigwacho village

徳蔵の家の土間には天狗の足跡が付いていた。水が入ってもそれは消えなかった。この足跡が付いてから天狗が徳蔵を迎えに来るようになった。

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山梨県 Yamanashi 南巨摩郡 Minamikoma district 早川町 Hayakawa village

At 奈良田に天狗森 Tengu no Mori in Narada Hot Spring

奈良田に天狗森というところがある。明治23年に天狗森の木を売却することになり、中巨摩郡の小笠原の大衛門という人が買主となってこの木を伐採した所、その夜に火災が起こり、外良寺をはじめ13戸が焼失した。村人は天狗の祟りと恐れ、すぐ桧苗3本を植え、祠を建てて天狗を祀った。買主の大衛門は事業で失敗し自殺したという。また2本の下駄の歯に似たような跡がある岩があり、天狗の足跡といっていたが今はない。

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Tengu Sumoo 天狗 相撲 Tengu and Sumo wrestling

22 legends to explore

How the Tengu lost his nose

- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/inehapo/e -

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- Join the Tengupedia on facebook ! -

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- tengulegendsfukushima -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Japan - after the BIG earthquake on 3/10/2017 10:43:00 am

19 Feb 2017

HEIAN - Ichijo Tenno



- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. ABC List of Heian Contents .
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Ichijō-tennō, Ichijoo Tennoo 一条天皇 Emperor Ichijo
Emperor Ichijyo


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Emperor Ichijō 一条天皇 Ichijō-tennō, 
(July 15, 980 – July 25, 1011) was the 66th emperor of Japan,
according to the traditional order of succession.



Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 986 to 1011.

Before he ascended to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina) was Kanehito-shinnō.
Kanehito-shinnō was the first son of Emperor En'yū and Fujiwara no Senshi, a daughter of Fujiwara no Kaneie. Since there are no documented siblings, it is supposed that he was an only child.
Ichijō had five Empresses or Imperial consorts and five Imperial sons and daughters.
His reign coincided with the culmination of Heian period culture and the apex of the power of the Fujiwara clan.
In 984,
he was appointed as crown prince under 花山天皇 Emperor Kazan. It was rumored contemporarily that his maternal grandfather Kaneie plotted to have Kazan retire from the throne.
Ichijō ascended the throne at the age of six.
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Ichijō had two empress consorts. First was Teishi (or Fujiwara no Sadako), a daughter of Fujiwara no Michitaka, second was Shōshi (or Akiko), a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, a younger brother of Michitaka. Most people thought it impossible to have two empress consorts, but Michinaga claimed that the empress held two separate titles, Chūgū and Kōgō, which were different in principle and could therefore given to two different women.
The courts of both empresses were known as centers of culture.
Sei Shōnagon, author of The Pillow Book, was a lady in waiting to Teishi. Murasaki Shikibu was a lady in waiting to Shoshi. There were other famous poets in the courts of the empresses.
Ichijō loved literature and music.
For this reason, high ranked courtiers felt the necessity for their daughter to hold cultural salons with many skillful lady poets. Particularly he was fond of the flute. Ichijō was known for his temperate character and was beloved by his subjects.
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Ichijō is buried amongst the "Seven Imperial Tombs" at 竜安寺 Ryoan-ji Temple in Kyoto. The mound which commemorates the Emperor Ichijō is today named 衣笠山Kinugasa-yama. The emperor's burial place would have been quite humble in the period after Ichijo died.
.....
The years of Ichijō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.
Eien 永延 (987–988)
Eiso 永祚 (988–990)
Shōryaku 正暦 (990–995)
Chōtoku 長徳 (995–999)
Chōhō 長保 (999–1004)
Kankō 寛弘 (1004–1012)

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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. 瑠璃山 Rurizan 正光院 Temple Shoko-In .
港区元麻布3-2-20 / 3 Chome-2-20 Motoazabu, Minato ward, Tokyo

The main statue of this temple is
Koyasu Yakushi 子安薬師 Yakushi Nyorai to protect children

The statue was made by 恵心僧都 源信 Eshin Sozu Genshin in the middle Heian period, carved at the birth of 一条天皇 Ichijo Tenno with prayers for the baby to grow up healthy. This wooden statue was lost in WWII, the present statue is a gift from Mount Koyasan.

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. Tsubosakadera 壷阪寺 .



This Temple is the sixth of 33 scared place of Kannon in the West of Japan and the principal image Juichmen Kanzeon Bosatsu (Eleven-faced Goddess of Mercy) enshrined in the Temple has been extensively worshipped as the goddess marvelously responsive to eye diseases.
Emperors Gensho, Ichijo and Kanmu and man other famous historical persons prayed for the recovery from their eye diseases.


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. Kani Yakushi 蟹薬師 "Crab Yakushi" .
大寺山願興寺 Daiji San, Ganko-Ji // Mitake no Kani Yakushi 御嵩の蟹薬師

closely related to the emperor Ichijoo Tennoo 一条天皇 Ichijo Tenno, when the annual festival 蟹薬師祭礼 started.

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. Shiba Daijinguu 芝大神宮 Shiba Daijingu .

Founded in 1005, by the Emperor Ichijoo Tennoo 一条天皇 Ichijo Tenno.

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----- A legend about this Tenno:

He was maybe the first "pet lover" in documented history.


source : ntt-card.com/trace

He had a cat which he loved very much. One day a dog chased the cat, so he banned the dog for a while from his view. Even when the dog was allowed to come back, he was so afraid of his master that he did not eat a thing.
Therefore the Tenno pardoned him explicitly and took him in his lap again. The happy dog soon begun to eat again.

. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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- quote -
Emperor Ichijo 一条天皇 (Ichijou tennou)
Emperor Ichijô was an emperor of the Heian period, perhaps most well-known as being the reigning emperor during the composition of the Tale of Genji and Murasaki nikki by Murasaki Shikibu, and of The Pillow Book by Sei Shônagon. It was in Ichijô's court that much of the events related or referenced in these works took place.
A son of Emperor En'yû,
born in the Sanjô Palace and largely raised there by his grandfather Fujiwara no Kaneie, he succeeded to the throne upon the abdication of his uncle Emperor Kazan on 986/6/23. His accession ceremony was held on 7/22 that year. Ichijô's grandfather Fujiwara no Kaneie served as sesshô (regent for an emperor in his minority) from 986 until 990, and very briefly as kanpaku (regent for an adult emperor) following Ichijô's genpuku (coming of age) that year at the age of ten. Later that same year (990), Fujiwara no Michitaka took over as regent, holding the title of sesshô until 993 and then that of kanpaku until 995. Finally, Fujiwara no Michikane served as kanpaku briefly in 995.
He took Fujiwara no Akiko, a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, as his First Empress; she came to be known as Empress Shôshi. In 1000, he promoted Fujiwara no Sadako, also known as Empress Teishi, to First Empress, demoting Shôshi to Second Empress and creating considerable factional tension within the palace. As Murasaki Shikibu served Shôshi and Sei Shônagon served Teishi, this event contributed to rivalries between the two women which appear in their writings.
Ichijô abdicated the throne on 1011/6/13
in favor of his cousin, a son of Emperor Reizei, who took the throne as Emperor Sanjô. Ichijô then formally took the tonsure and entered retirement on 6/19, but died several days later on 1011/6/22.
One of his sons would later succeed Emperor Sanjô as Emperor Go-Ichijô.
- source : wiki.samurai-archives.com/ -

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MUSIC AND RELIGION IN JAPAN
In the reign of the Emperor Ichijyo (r. 986–1011),
mikagura was performed in the Naishidokoro (Kashikodokoro) Palace to the accompaniment of kagurabue (a bamboo transverse flute), hichiriki (a double-reed pipe), and wagon.
- source : 2005 Thomson Gale -

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. Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .

. Murasaki Shikibu 紫式部 .

. Japanese History / The Middle Heian Period .

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一条天皇 (人物叢書) bu 倉本一宏

- Reference - 一条天皇 -

- Reference - Emperor Ichijo -
Emperor Go-Ichijō was the 68th emperor of Japan

- Reference - Emperor Ichijyo -
Abeno Seimei Shrine was reportedly built by the 66th Emperor Ichijyo in 1007.
There was a very clever girl who was a daughter of Emperor Ichijyo.
Ichijyo Modoribashi

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. Legends - Heian Period (794 to 1185) - Introduction .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

- #ichijo #ichijotenno #ichijyo-
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Heian Period Japan on 2/18/2017 09:52:00 am