Showing posts with label EDO - Tokyo. Show all posts
Showing posts with label EDO - Tokyo. Show all posts

20 Nov 2017

EDO - Denzu-In Dentsu-In Tokyo


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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .
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Denzuuin 伝通院 Denzu-In, Denzuin - Tokyo
小石川伝通院 Koishikawa Denzu-In, Dentsu-in, Dentsuin

The reading of the Chinese characters differs.



文京区小石川3-14-6 / 3 Chome-14-6 Koishikawa, Bunkyō ward
Jodo sect of Buddhism 浄土宗

The temple was founded in 1415 by 聖冏上人 Saint Shogei.
The main statue is 無量聖観世音菩薩 Muryo Sho Kannon Bosatsu

The mother of Tokugawa Ieyasu, 於大の方 O-Dai-no-Kata, was buried at this temple in 1602. The Tokugawa clan took care of the tomb and it soon became famous.
The wives and children of other Tokugawa Shoguns are buried here too.
The old wooden buildings burned down in WWII, but the stone tombs are still as they were.



Tombs of the Tokugawa Family

- quote -
The temple Dentsu-in is counted as one of three Shogun family's temples with Zojoji Temple and Kaneiji Temple.
... This temple is known as the place where a radical Samurai team was organized. This group became Shinsengumi, unofficial police in Kyoto at the end of Edo era.
- source : richiefukuda.blogspot.jp -

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shuin 朱印 stamp

- Homepage of the temple
- source : denzuin.or.jp...


. 江戸三十三観音霊場 Pilgrimage to 33 Kannon Temples .
Nr. 12 in the Edo pilgrimage
東京三十三観音霊場 Nr. 25 in the Tokyo pilgrimage

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It looks as impressive as the Notre Dame cathedral in Paris -
said the novelist Nagai Kafu (1879 - 1959, who was born in the Koishikawa district.

Kafu has written about Haien no seirei: "Kitsune" (The Fox)
His father had seen a strange monk with a tail (in fact the fox Takuzosu) walking in the area in plain afternoon.
The more tails an Inari messenger fox has, the more powerful it will be.
- See below for the fox legends of old.


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Yūten 祐天 Yuten Shami, 祐天上人 Saint Yuten Shonin
..... Yuten came to be patronized by Keisho-in, the mother of the fifth Tokugawa shogun Tsunayoshi, who is said to have called on him in his hermit's hut on the outskirts of Edo. In Genroku 12 (1699) he was in unprecedented fashion summoned to Edo castle and promoted from being a lowly wandering monk to the position of head priest of one of the Jodo sect's eighteen major temples in the Kanto area. In samurai terms, his status had become equal to that of a daimyo with a fief of 100,000 koku. The following year he was further promoted by an appointment as head priest to the Iinuma Gukyoji temple in Shimosa, the very temple where he had performed his first famous act of exorcism.
Finally in Hoei 1 (1704), he was placed in charge of Koishikawa Denzuin in Edo, a temple next in standing only to the Zojo ancestral temple at Shiba.
. Saint 祐天上人 Yuten Shonin .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


- . Inari 稲荷 the "Fox Deity", "Fox God" .

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Hakuzooshu 伯蔵主 / 白蔵主 / 白蔵王 Hakuzoshu / Hakuzosu

A high priest from Dentsu-In. 覚山上人 Saint Kakusan Shonin, went to Kyoto and and on his way back had a monk named Hakuzo as his companion to teach him on the way. Hakuzo was an excellent student, but once when he had a high fever, he talked in his dream and said he was a fox. Now he is the protector deity of the shrines dedicated to
Hakuzosu Inari 伯蔵主稲荷.



- reference : the Yokai monster Hakuzosu -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - ABC-List - .


- Tomioka Tessai (1836–1924)
- source : metmuseum.org/art... -

- quote -
Fox Spirit in the Guise of a Traveling Monk (Hakuzosu)
The vulpine figure dressed as a traveling monk, gazing intently at a nearby trap, is the protagonist of the popular kyōgen play Tsurigitsune (Fox Hunter).
In this comic morality tale, an old fox disguises itself as the monk Hakuzōsu, whose fox-trapper nephew has succeeded in ensnaring most of the fox clan. Recounting a variety of lore about the wily vengeance of the fox, the fox-cum-monk persuades the trapper to give up his trade. This drawing shows the fox prior to heading home, unable to resist the temptation to take the bait from the discarded trap. The trickster ends up caught, to the delight of the chagrined trapper who realizes he has been fooled by a fox in disguise.
- - - The poem on the upper left is by the artist's wife, Haruko:

Hito wo nomi hakaru to omou orokasa ni onore kitsune no wana ni kakareri.

You who seek to deceive
will find yourself
caught in the fox trap
and foolish.


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A similar story is told about the Fox-Priest Takuzo . . .

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Inari Daimyojin 稲荷大明神

Another fox posing for a monk was named 多久蔵主 (たくぞうす) was Takuzosu.
Also spelled 澤蔵主 / 澤蔵司 / 沢蔵
He came to the priest's seminar at Dentsu-In every night and took part in the discussions. He learned all the secret teachings of the Jodo sect within just three years.
In the year 1620, on May 7, the Head Master of the Seminar had a dream vision about Takuzosu:
"I am the Shinto Deity Inari Daimyojin from the Chiyoda castle of Edo. I always wanted to study about the Jodo sect of Buddhism and now finally my wish has come true.
I will now go back to be a Shinto Deity, but will stay on as the protector of your establishment! "
- - - - - And thus he became the 護法神 protector deity of Dentsu-In.



He is venerated at 慈眼院 Jigen-In, 澤蔵司稲荷 Takuzosu Inari
3 Chome-17-12 Koishikawa, Bunkyō ward



- Homepage - takuzousuinari . com -



Detail of 澤蔵司稲荷 Takuzosu Inari
江戸名所図絵 Edo Meisho Zue - modern version


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dainaru hi 大なる燈 The Great Lantern

Around 1720 there was a Kannon temple called 伝通院 Denzu-In. On the 25th day of the first lunar month there appeared a strange light like a lantern above the temple, slowly moving from North to South. It then moved up to the sky and became a star which glowed and sparkled every night. On the 8th day of the third lunar month there was a large fire, covering the area from Ushigome to 千住 Senju.
Later they found the bodies of many people who had died in the garden of this temple.

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keiun 慶雲 auspicious cloud

In the year 1825 on August 15 the author 外岡北海 Sotooka Hokkai walked in the compound of Dentsu-In when he saw an auspicious cloud in five colors cruising over the village. The cloud turned white and colorful again and hang there for a while.
When people asked where it had come from, he could only say they had been there all the while.

goshiki no kumo 五色の雲 clouds of five colors


- reference : denzuin.or.jp-

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mikkazuki shoonin 三ヶ月上人 Saint Mikkazuki

Saint Mikazuki thought the frogs were disturbing the students and ordered the frogs to shut their mouth.
Since then not a frog's voice had been heard in the compound.
This was called musei kaeru 無声蛙 the frogs without a voice.

There is also a book - 伝通院の無声蛙 - by 加瀬順一 Kase Junichi

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nezumi 鼠 the rat

A monk from Denzu-In had killed a rat at four in the afternoon, when he was still in his youth. Just before dying the rat had bitten his finger.
Now every day at six in the afternoon his finger begun to hurt - for the rest of his life!

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Tengu and Fudo 天狗と不動明王

In the temple 伝通院 Denzu-In lived a person named 岱雄 Taio. One day he went out begging with the monks but did not come back. Two days later they found him fainted in the back of the dormitory. When he came back to himself, he told the following story. When he wanted to make an offering, his body suddenly became light and he took off to the sky. Then he went to 成田不動 Narita Fudo to pray, spent some time between the woods talking to some Tengu who wanted to do Sumo wrestling with him. They gave him food and kept him for seven days.
The Tengu had also told him if he wanted to come back to them, he should face East to Narita and think of Fudo Myo-O, then they would come and fetch him again and give his some presents from Narita.

. Legends about Tengu and Fudo Myo-O .

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yuurei 幽霊 ghost

Once there were two men, 久米蔵 Kumezo and 文作 Bunsaku, working for 藤田廉平 Fujita Renbei. One day Renbei said, that Bunsaku became ill and died and had been buried at Dentsu-In.
One month later a woman named 志計 Shige said she had seen Bunsaku in 芳町 Yoshicho village. He had been peddeling material to make barrels. So all thought that it must have been his ghost.
Later they learned that Renbei had made a mistake, and it was Kumezo, who had died!

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -
- reference : tesshow.jp/bunkyo/temple_koishikawa_dentsuin...





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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 11/18/2017 01:22:00 pm

FUDO - Fudo Legends 09 Shizuoka


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. Legends about Fudo お不動さま - 不動明王 .
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Fudo Legends 09 - from Shizuoka to Toyama

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - Shizuoka 静岡県

榛原郡 Haibara district 本川根町 Honkawane

kitsune 狐 the fox
Once upon a time
someone went to the village of Senzu 千頭 to by some pacific saury サンマ and was on his way home. When he was near the Fudo Hall, he suddenly became very tired and lay down for a nap. While he was sleeping, someone stole his fish.
People now say he was bewitched by a fox 狐にだまされた.

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At the beginning of the Meiji period there was an epidemy of a feaver disease 熱病 and many young people died.
So the villagers went to the Fudo Hall near the swamp and prayed for help. When they tried to lift the statue at the annual festival, it suddenly felt much lighter.

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浜松市 Hamamatsu

daija 大蛇 The Huge Serpent
Kanzawa, Tenryu Ward, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka

In the お不動様の池 Fudo Pond at the Fudo Waterfall of the hamlet 新切 there once lived a huge serpent. The creature seemed to have come from the Dainichi Pond 大日様の池 (or 峯神沢) nearby.
A young temple acolyte from the Dainichi Temple came here to fish and lost his fish hook in the pond. But the serpents dislike metal, so the serpent left the pond and soon after the water was also almost gone.

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In the pool of the 黒滝の渕 Kurotaki waterfall, sacred to Fudo Myo-O, it is not allowed to fish for "アノメ anome". If you do so there will be a divine retribution (Fudo no tatari タタリ / 祟り).
People who dare to pee into this pool will also be damned and die soon afterwards.

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松崎町 Matsuzaki

The main festival for Fudo is on the 28th day of the first month and 10th lunar month.
Once a villager took a sacred lot and did not like the result. So he moved the statue of Fudo. But soon he could not move his body any more 金しばり (sleep paralysis).
This was the punishment of Fudo Myo-O 不動尊の罰.

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沼津市 Numazu

yamainu 山犬 Mountain Dog
Ill dogs are not let into mountain villages, and if they enter anyway, Fudo will take the leash of the dog and lead him away. The villagers know well about the dangers of ill animals, especially ill dogs and pray to Fudo Myo-O to protect them from damage.


. 霊犬早太郎伝説 The legend of the spiritual dog Hayataro. .
"The Heroic Dog of Kozenji Temple", where Fudo Myo-O is venerated.




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- - - - - Tochigi 栃木県
日光市 Nikko

tengu 天狗 Tengu
At the waterfall 裏見滝 Urami no Taki in Nikko 下野国日光山四十八滝 there is a statue of Fudo Myo-O behind the waterfall. People who see it are greatly moved.
If an impure person comes to look at it, a Tengu will come down and take his life.



. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 visiting Urami no Taki .




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- - - - - Tokushima 徳島県
宍喰町 Shiikui

At 落合 Ochiai there was a stone statue of Fudo. When the farmers made a new road, they hit the stone and broke it. The next day the stomach of the stone worker begun to hurt. When he looked closer at the stone, he saw the broken statue, collected the pieces and put it on a safe place to be venerated again.

Once upon a time
when diseases were rampant and difficult to prevent,
people used to pray to Fudo Myo-O
"I will dance for you this year and hope you will keep me healthy in the summer!"
This is said to be the beginning of the Tokushima Awa Odori dance.

. Awaodori Dance 阿波踊り .
This is a special dance that originated in Tokushima (Shikoku) more than 400 years ago.



Narutaki waterfall 鳴滝 in Tokushima town. Nearby is a statue of Fudo Myo-O.
鳴滝庵の大師堂 Narutaki-An, Daishi-Do for Kobo Daishi.
The waterfall has an 85 meter drop and is one of the largest waterfall in Tokushima. It bends and flows over three platforms, and the intensity of the flow is incredible after a hard rain.




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- - - - - Tokyo 東京都

kamisama 神様
Once a child pulled a small bronze statue of Fudo, with a rope from wisteria vine.
A grown-up scolded the child, but he had to suffer bad luck soon after that.

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文京区 Bunkyo

. 小石川伝通院 Koishikawa Denzu-In, Dentsu-in .
Tengu 天狗 and the flying 岱雄 Taio - and more

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神津島 Kozushima, Kōzushima

karakane no hebi 唐金の蛇 bronze snake
At 不動様の池 the Fudo Pond a bronze snake wound around a human skull is venerated.

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目黒区 Meguro

. Meguro Fudo Temple 目黒不動 .

. Ennin - Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 / 慈覺大師 .
(794 – 864)
and Ōtori jinja 大鳥神社 Otori Jinja in Meguro, where Yamato Takeru is venerated as a deity.

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西多摩郡 Nishi-Tama district 桧原村 Hinohara

Obusuna オズスナ様(産土神)
A Shaman can see the various features of this deity.
和田の山の神 Yamanokami from Wada is a snake, at 大沢 Ozawa it is a small snake, another is a huge snake, looking like a pregnant woman.
Basically the main features are that of Fudo.

. obosuna sama オボスナ様 / おぼすな様 Ubusuna deity .
deity for agriculture, especially the rice fields

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渋谷区 Shibuya

. Shoogonji 荘厳寺 Shogon-Ji .
Hatagaya Fudo  幡ヶ谷不動
藤原秀郷 Fujiwara Hidesato came here to pray for victory against 平将門 Taira no Masakado .

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豊島区 Toyoshima

. Mejiro Fudo 目白不動 Fudo with white eyes .
Kinjoo-In 金乗院 Kinjo-In

豊山新長谷寺 Shinchokokuji (Shin-Hasedera) in Toyoshima has a statue of Fudo Myo-O, made by Kobo Daishi himself.



When Kobo Daishi was in 荷沢河, 大日如来 Dainichi Nyorai appeared to him and then changed into Fudo Myo-O.
The Deity wielded its own sword and cut off its left arm at the ellbow. A lot of smoke and flames came out of this burning wound.
Kobo Daishi made the statue just as he had seen this.




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- - - - - Toyama 富山県

The endoo 煙道 chimney of the traditional kitchen stove o オ is called fudoo フドウ.
It is said that Fudo Myo-O taught the farmers how to construct it.

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中新川郡 Nakaniikawa 上市町 Kamiichi

te no ato 手の跡 traces of a hand
Around 1907, in a family they were 餅焚き grilling mochi rice cakes, when suddenly the shape of a hand appeared on the white.
A priest who had come around for begging told them:
"This is the trace of the hand of Fudo Myo-O, no doubt about it!"
He took three grains of rice from his begging bowl and left. When the family went after him for further information, he was not to be seen . . . he had vanished.
The special Mochi has been venerated in the family ever since.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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- - #fudolegends #fudoshizuoka #fudotoyama -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Fudo Myo-O - Introducing Japanese Deities at 10/06/2017 05:52:00 PM

15 Nov 2017

EDO - Himonya district


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Himonya 碑文谷 Himonya district

This is a very old district, dating back to the Muromachi period, when it was called
Himonoyoya 檜物屋 District of woodworkers with Japanese cypress
Now part of 目黒区 Meguro Ward.
Its name is a kind of pun with the sound and meaning of himon (hibun) 碑文 meaning "inscription on a stone".



Many woodworkers lived there.
. himonoshi 檜物師 "artisan making things from Hinoki cypress wood" .
also called magemonoshi 曲物師 craftsmen of bentwood products
kurimono 刳物 "bent things"
Himonoshi craftsmen also lived in
Himonochoo 檜物町 / 檜物丁 Himono Cho District in Edo
close to Nihonbashi - 東京都中央区八重洲一丁目 / 1 Chome Yaesu, Chūō ward


. hinoki 檜 or 桧 Japanese cypress .
Chamaecyparis obtusa


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碑文谷八幡宮 Himonya Hachimangu
目黒区碑文谷三丁目7番3号 / 3 Chome-7-3 Himonya, Meguro



The Shrine dates back to the Kamakura period and has thus a long history. Hatakeyama Shigetada 畠山重忠 (1164 - 1205), a vassal of Minamoto no Yoritomo, came to this shrine to pray for victory in war.
A vassal of Hatakeyama, 榛沢六郎 Hanzawa Rokuro, built a sanctuary for Inari 稲荷社 with a himon seki 碑文石 stone inscription of the name of Himonya 碑文谷.
The stone is 75 cm high, 45 cm wide and 10 cm thick. It was made in the Muromachi period.



In the middle is the Sanscrit letter for 大日如来 Dainichi Nyorai, on the left 勢至菩薩 Seishi Bosatsu and on the right 観音菩薩 Kannon Bosatsu.

Some say the name of Himonya derives from the 碑文 Himon (Hibun) inscription of this stone.

The original 社殿 Shaden Hall was erected in 1674 and rebuilt in 1872. In 1877 it was again refurbished.
The shrine also has a famous 神楽殿 Kagura-Den for Kagura dance performances.
With the separation of Buddhism and Shintoism, part of it became the temple 円融寺 Enyu-Ji (former 法華寺 Hokke-Ji).
The compound is famous for a long row of cherry trees from the first to the second Torii gate.

Sakura matsuri 桜まつり Cherry Blossom Festival during the season.
The main Shrine festival is in Mid-September.

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目黒の筍 bamboo shoots from Meguro
They were grown in the 碑文谷村 Himonya village since 1772.
After visiting the famous Meguro Fudo Temple, people would come here to buy the vegetables.



. Edo Yasai 江戸伝統野菜 Traditional vegetables from Edo .


. Meguro Fudo Temple 目黒不動尊 .
天台宗 泰叡山 瀧泉寺


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

wara no ryuu 藁の龍 dragon from straw
碑文谷八幡宮 Himonya Hachimangu

Sometimes at the Torii gate of the shrine appeared a large straw rope. looking like a dragon with its tail on the ground.
It is said to be a huge serpent from Mount Fuji coming to protect the Shrine from fire.
In times of drought, people came here for rain rituals.



A Torii gate with a straw rope of a dragon/ snake at shrine
Okusawa Jinja 奥澤神社
東京都世田谷区奥沢五丁目22番1号 / 5 Chome-22-1 Okusawa, Setagaya
The shrine is related to Himonya Shrine.

Okusawa shrine is a quiet emerald in a simple neighborhood, only a few stops from Meguro station on the Yamanote Line. Built during the Edo Period, a huge snake made of straw lies guarding its entrance, wrapped heavily around the stone torii gate. Walk under this, and past the burly protective shisa lion-dogs, and the world behind you falls away.
... To the left behind Okusawa shrine is a little hollow. A tree stands tall, surrounded by low benches. A bamboo fountain bleeds water into another basin, which flows in turn into a shallow moat that runs around the main shrine. Here is another altar – the Cave of the Dragon – which is said to provide the snake at the entrance with its serpentine spine.
Other small figures are hidden in the plants, all in the name of different spirits and gods.
- source : voyapon.com/tokyo-okusawa-shrine -

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Himonya Nio 碑文谷仁王
The Korean statue carver 安阿弥 Annami made the Nio Statues of the temple 妙光山法華寺 Myokozan Hokkeji in the old village of
Bushu, Ebara district, Himonya village 武州荏原郡碑文谷村.
In 1772 Annami became ill when he was about 25 years old and prayed for healing in the hall for many days. On the last day of his vow - indeed - his illness was healed.




碑文谷 法華寺 
(江戸名所図会 Edo Meisho Zue)

On the left side is the inscription 八まん Hachiman - short for 碑文谷八幡宮 Himonya Hachimangu.
Hokke-Ji was built in the Heian period by 天台宗 the Tendai sect. During the Kamakura period it belonged to the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect and in the middle of the Edo period it came back to the Tendai sect. At the end of the Edo period it was re-named 円融寺 Enryu-Ji.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -


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- - - To join me on facebook, click the image !

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #himonya #hibun - - - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Edo - the EDOPEDIA - on 11/10/2017 09:56:00 am

4 Nov 2017

EDO - Kameido district

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Kameido choo 亀戸町 Kemeido, Kame-Ido "Turtle Well"
Kōtō 江東区 Kōtō-ku, Koto, "East of River" - there are 45 districts in Koto, one of them is Kameido.



The water of the old 亀戸村 Kemeido village in Edo was very good, and the place with its many wells 井戸 used to be called 亀ヶ井, then written 亀井戸 and finally shortened to 亀戸.

Near the Tenjin Shrine in Kameido 亀戸天神宮 there is a Heart Pond, which is famous for its turtles and plum blossoms, but also the wisteria later in the year.


Garyoobai 臥龍梅 Plum tree - 広重 Hiroshige

- reference : kameido garyobai plum -


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. Honjo 本所 Honjo district .
On the fringe of these vast stretches of farmland, in the green and pleasant districts neighboring Honjo, are many famous sightseeing spots that are popular with samurai and townspeople alike. Immediately to the east of the main residential area, a five or ten minute boat ride down Tatekawa canal, is the Kameido Tenjin shrine.
This shrine is dedicated to Sugawara Michizane, the god of knowledge, and many students come here to pray before taking their exams. However, that is not the main attraction of the temple. On the banks of a large reflecting pond in front of the temple are hundreds of wisteria vines, which have been carefully tended over hundreds of years, growing on trellises that hang over the still green water of the pond. In late May, when the wisteria are in full bloom, the entire area is a sea of purple blossoms. The long, dangling wisteria blooms reflected in the greenish water make a very picturesque topic for artists; some of the most famous ukiyoe prints depict the gardens at Kameido Tenjin.
Incidentally, Kameido literally means "turtle well". As the name suggests, the pond at Kameido Tenjin is filled with hundreds of turtles, though the temple has been around for so long that no one is sure whether the temple was named after the turtles in this pond, or whether the pond was built to match the name of the temple.


亀戸天神社 Shrine Kameido Tenjinsha






The Bullfinch from shrine Kameido Tenjin - uso kae 鷽替え 亀戸

. Usokae shinji : Bullfinch-exchanging ritual .



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Helen Hyde

. Wisteria at Kameido 亀戸の藤.

kono fuji wa hayaku sakitari Kameido no
fuji sakamaku wa tooka mari nochi

these wisteria
have bloomed early...
the blossoming of
those at Kameido will be
more than ten days later


Tanka by Masaoka Shiki
Tr. anine Beichman


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. Kobayashi Issa .

心の字に水も流れて梅の花
shin no ji ni mizu mo nagarete ume no hana

water flowing over
the word "heart"...
plum blossoms


More literally, "water also is flowing/ over the word heart..." The mo ("also") suggests that the water is flowing over other things as well, not mentioned. In one text, the poem has the headnote, "Offering at Tenshin Shrine."

This suggests to Robin D. Gill that the character for "heart" may be carved on a stone that is somehow positioned so that water flows over it. The water might be the purifying well water with which people who enter the shrine wash their hands and mouths, flowing into a drain channel containing the carved "heart," or perhaps a stream is flowing through the area, over an engraved stone. Either way, Issa juxtaposes flowing water, the word "heart," and plum blossoms. The deep connection between these three elements of the poem is only hinted at.
Tr. and Comment : David Lanoue

Near the Tenshin Shrine in Kameido (Edo) 「亀戸天神宮」there is a Heart Pond, which is famous for its plum blossoms, but also the wisteria (fuji) later in the year. The shrine is also called: Kameido Tenman Gu.




亀戸天神境内 - 広重 Hiroshige


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. Edo dentoo yasai 江戸伝統野菜 Traditional vegetables of Edo .



Kameido Daikon 亀戸大根 large radish from Kameido
The Kameido daikon, despite its name, is not to be found anywhere in Kameido.
Initially grown as the local radish of the Kameido area during the Bunkyu era, its production was moved out of town more than a century ago. Its pale color and small, carrot-like shape earned it such endearing names as okame daikon and otafuku daikon, both of which refer to a traditional mask of a white-faced woman having a prominent forehead, puffed cheeks, and a small nose. Sown in the fall and harvested in early spring, it quickly came to be widely cultivated as a precious winter vegetable. But with the wave of urbanization set off by the opening of a local train station in 1904, farmlands soon disappeared from Kameido.
The Kameido daikon found a new home in Takasago, Katsushika Ward, eight kilometers to the northwest.


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Kameido Jiken 亀戸事件 Kameido Incident
- quote -
The Kameido incident took place in 1923 in the aftermath of the Great Kantō earthquake.
On September 1, 1923, the Great Kantō earthquake struck Tokyo and Yokohama and martial law was imposed in the aftermath of the earthquake.
On the evening of September 3, the Kameido police in Tokyo began arresting known social activists, suspecting that they would "spread disorder or forment revolution amid the confusion". During the mass arrests, police arrested union leader Hirasawa Keishichi, and Nakatsuji Uhachi, a member of the Pure Laborers' Union. The Special Higher Police arrest seven members of the Nankatsu Labor Association. Army troops detained an eighth member of the association, Sato Kinji.
Between late at night on September 3 and September 5,
troops of the 13th Cavalry Regiment on emergency duty in Kameido shot and decapitated Hirasawa and nine others. They disposed of the bodies, together with those of Korean and Chinese massacre victims, along the banks of the Arakawa drainage canal. The police issued an official notice on October 14, claiming that troops had shot the men because they were agitating prisoners. The following year, the Liberal Lawyers' Association and union leaders worked to bring the facts to light and establish responsibility, with partial success. Police claimed to have cremated the remains of the victims. With no remains to bury, a memorial service was held in February 1924.
- List of Victims of the Kameido Incident
- source : wikipedia -



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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

In 1727 around the New Year,
there was a hikari mono 光物 strange light coming from the forest of the Shrine 香取明神社 Katori Myojinsha, located East of 亀戸天神社 Kameiod Tenjinsha.
And soon later, with a loud screeching sound, 神木の松の木 the sacred pine tree fell down. In its branches was a white 御幣 ritual wand.
Soon there was a rumor that this was 常陸国の安馬大明神 the Deity from a Shrine in Hitachi province, who had come for a visit.


In 1785 from the 3rd day till the 9th day of the 6th lunar month
there was a rain ritual and 歌会 poetry reading performed at Kameido Tenjin. While the ritual lasted, it was raining, but after that it stopped to rain.
So on the next day, only the first part of a poem was read and rain started.
On the 11th day the second part of the poem was read and the rain stopped.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

亀戸の湯屋のけむりや初天神
Kameido no yuya no kemuri ya hatsu tenjin

smoke of
the public bath in Kameido -
first Tenjin ceremony

Tr. Gabi Greve

加藤松薫 Kato Shoku

. Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真 .
Hatsu Tenjin 初天神 First visit to a Tenjin Shrine
- - kigo for the New Year - -


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Edo - the EDOPEDIA - on 11/02/2017 09:00:00 am

27 Oct 2017

EDO - Sashigaya Koishikawa


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Sashigaya 指ヶ谷 / さしがや in Koishikawa
- 指ヶ谷町 Sashigaya-choo


Koishikawa 小石川, District within Bunkyo, Tokyo. - see below

- quote -
Scenography and the city form
Tokyo is based upon an ortography of seven hills and five corresponding valleys, the intersection of which necessitated specific responses in spatial planning and gave the city its physical form.
The seven hills include the highlands of Ueno, Hongo, Koishikawa-Mejiro, Ushigome, Yotsuya-Kojimachi, Akasaka-Azabu, and Shiba-Shirogane.
The valleys of Sendai-Shinobazu, Sashigaya, Hirakawa, Tameike, and Furukawa weave in-between the highlands, giving the city a bi-fold distinction.
- source : architokyo.wordpress.com/empty-centre-symbolism... -

The old name of Sashigaya was lost in 1966 and is now incorporated as
白山 Hakusan with 5 sub-districts. The Hakusan Shrine is in the 5th district.



Once the 3rd Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu was hunting with hawks in the hills of this area, a wilderness of sorts. When the hawk was set free, it flew away in great speed. Iemitsu tried hard to follow it and saw it disappear in a valley. He stretched out (sashi) his finger and called "this valley, this valley" (ya).
Hence the name of the valley was born "finger-pointing valley".
And soon after, around 1634, farmers settled in the valley. In 1747 the growing village was put under the jurisdiction of the Machi Bugyo Magistrate.




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「段彩陰影図 / 小石川2」  
中央で二つの谷筋が合流している付近が指谷で、岬状に突き出す台地の先に白山神社が祀られています。なお、オレンジ線は区境ですが、大半が文京区です。

白山下交差点  
正面が小石川台に上る蓮華寺坂、右手手前が白山坂、左手手前が浄心寺坂でいずれも本郷台に上ります。江戸時代には五差路でしたが、明治末に旧白山通りが開通し、六差路になりました。  

浄心寺坂  → 「
江戸名所図会 / 丸山浄心寺」にも描かれており、坂の中腹にある浄心寺からのネーミングです。坂下の左手には千川屋敷がありました。右手には八百屋お七の墓所のある円城寺が現存しています。
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/kawawalk... -


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a square manhole
- detailed walk and photos from modern Sashigaya and Hakusan-doori 白山通り
- reference source : ankyoneko.exblog.jp... -


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Katsushika Hokusai 礫川雪ノ旦/小石川雪ノ旦
snow at the tea house in Koishikawa

Koishikawa (小石川) is a locality within Bunkyo, Tokyo.
It is located nearby with the same name are two well regarded gardens: the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (related to Tokyo University) in Hakusan, and the Koishikawa Korakuen Garden in Korakuen.

Koishikawa Garden
The construction was started in 1629 by Tokugawa Yorifusa, the daimyo (feudal lord) of Mito domain, and was completed by his successor, Tokugawa Mitsukuni.

Mitsukuni named this garden "Kōraku-en"
(Kōraku means "enjoying afterwards") after a Chinese teaching of "a governor should worry before people and enjoy after people". The garden shows strong Chinese character in its design, as it was influenced by the West Lake of Hangzhou.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Koishikawa 小石川養生所 Koishikawa Yojosho Hospital .

. Matsuo Basho in Koishikawa 小石川 .


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- - - - - Hakusan 白山
A part of Old Edo with the atmosphere of Shitamachi. The name "White Mountain", refers to the Shrine located in this district.


小石川白山権現社 Koishikawa Hakusan Gongen Sha
東京都文京区白山五丁目31番26号 / 5 Chome-31-26 Hakusan, Bunkyō-ku, Tōkyō
『江戸名所図会』Edo Meisho Zue

This shrine was under the patronage of the Edo Bakufu government. The second Shogun Hidetada moved the Shrine from 本郷一丁目 Hongo first district to its present location near the 御薬園 Go-Yakuen Garden for medicinal herbs, part of the Koishikawa Botanical Gardens.


Hakusan Jinja 白山神社 Hakusan Gongen 白山権現社

. 東京十社 Tokyo Jissha - ten important shrines of Tokyo .

. Hakusan shrines 白山神社 in Japan - Introduction .


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- Hiroshige 広重

白山傾城か窪 Hakusan Keijogakubo
Hakusan-jinya Shrine, which is also the origin of the area name, was an enshrinement of Kaga Hakusan's Hakusan-jinja Shrine and the village shrine for Koishikawa. The shrine flourished as the major shrine for worship of Hakusan in Edo. T
he Hakusan-jinja Shrine was relocated to its present position when 5代将軍綱吉 the 5th Shogun Tsunayoshi was the head of the Tatebayashi Clan, and the Koishikawa Goten (a stately mansion at Koishikawa, also known as Hakusan Goten) was constructed at the site of the ruins. The mansion drew water from the Sen-kawa River and was surrounded by a moat and was said to have been a very picturesque site.
After the death of Tsunayoshi, the residence was abandoned, and in 貞享年間 the Jokyo Era (1684-88), the 小石川薬園 Koishikawa Yakuen (a garden for medicinal herbs) was established on the site. At present the site is The University of Tokyo affiliated 小石川植物園 Koishikawa Botanical Gardens.
The Nakasendo Highway branch off of the Nikko Highway at 駒込追分 Komagome-Oiwake passed through Hakusan, and the area was commonly called 鶏声ヶ窪(傾城ヶ窪) Kaiseigakubo. It is said this is because the sound of a bird crying was heard every morning in 下総古河藩下屋敷 the Shimosa Koga Clan villa, and when the location the bird cry was heard from was dug up, 金の鶏 a golden rooster was found.
- source : ndl.go.jp/landmarks... -

. kinkei 金鶏と伝説 Legends about the golden rooster .


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the tomb of 八百屋お七 Yaoya Oshichi



. Yaoya no O-Shichi Greengrocer's Daughter Oshichi .
and the Big Fire in Tenna' or 'Oshichi-fire'.


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- quote -
Yukio Ozaki 尾崎行雄 Ozaki Yukio
(December 24, 1859 – October 6, 1954) was a liberal Japanese politician, born in modern-day Sagamihara, Kanagawa. Ozaki served in the House of Representatives of the Japanese Diet for 63 years (1890–1953). He is still revered in Japan as the "God of constitutional politics" and the "father of the Japanese Constitution."
..... Yukio and his brother Yukitaka went to the United States in 1888 but Ozaki could not endure the temperature extremes and could not sleep in the heat of New York City and Washington, D.C. He sailed back to Japan via England and was then elected to his first term in the Japanese Imperial Diet. .....
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

When he returned to Japan, he took up residence in Sashigaya in Tokyo's Koishikawa district


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Edo - the EDOPEDIA - on 10/20/2017 09:38:00 am

7 Oct 2017

EDO - Akasaka district


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Akasaka 赤坂 "the red slope" district



1. HIE SHRINE
2. NATIONAL DIET BUILDING
3. NATIONAL DIET LIBRARY
4. SUNTORY MUSEUM OF ART
5. THE NATIONAL THEATER
The station area of Akasaka is full of offices and during the day it is busy with salarimen running about, but in the evening it relaxes and becomes a nightlife area of narrow streets with pubs and restaurants. It's not really a tourist area, but there are some things to check out in the nearby vicinity.
- source : tokyopocketguide.com/tokyo/akasaka -

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- quote
a residential and commercial district of Minato, Tokyo, Japan, located west of the government center in Nagatachō and north of the Roppongi nightlife district.
Akasaka (including the neighboring area of Aoyama) was a ward of Tokyo City from 1878 to 1947, and maintains a branch office of the Minato City government.
Hikawa Shrine
Nogi Shrine
Takahashi Korekiyo's residence and memorial park
- - - - - In neighbouring Moto-Akasaka (literally "original Akasaka") to the North:
Akasaka Palace (State Guest House)
Togu Palace Residence of the Crown Prince of Japan
- more in the wikipedia

There are many sub-districts in Akasaka
Akasaka 1 to 9, 赤坂一丁目 to 赤坂九丁目 / 元赤坂町 Moto-Asakusa

一ツ木町(赤坂一ツ木町)Hitotsugi (see below)
葵町(赤坂葵町)Akasaka Aoi
台町(赤坂台町)Akasaka Daimachi
桧町(赤坂桧町)Akasaka Hinoki
表町(赤坂表町)Akasaka Omotecho
新町(赤坂新町)Akasaka Shinmachi
田町(赤坂田町)Akasaka Tamachi
榎坂町(赤坂榎坂町)
新坂町(赤坂新坂町
溜池町(赤坂溜池町)
丹後町(赤坂丹後町)
伝馬町(赤坂伝馬町)
中ノ町(赤坂中ノ町)
氷川町(赤坂氷川町)
福吉町(赤坂福吉町)
霊南坂町(赤坂霊南坂町)
青山権田原町(赤坂青山権田原町)
青山六軒町(赤坂青山六軒町)

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. Hikawa Jinja 氷川神社 Akasaka 赤坂 .
東京都港区赤坂6-10-12

. Nogi Jinja 乃木神社 .
8 Chome-11-27 Akasaka

. Akasaka Mitsuke 赤坂見附 .
and the 弁慶濠 Benkei Moat

. Akasaka Tameike 赤坂溜池 Akasaka Pool .


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- quote -
Minato-ku, Akasaka
The general name for the area around Akasaka-mon Gate. There are many theories on the origin of the area's name, including that it was a saka (Kinokuni-zaka Hill) which lead to Akaneyama (the land of the Kii Tokugawa residence, which was once said to have produced akane (Japanese madder)) and that it was a place with a red dirt hill.


Kinokuni-zaka akasaka tameike enkei 紀の国坂赤坂溜池遠景 - Hiroshige 広重

From the early Edo Period, a large number of Daimyo (feudal lords) residences and homes of vassals of the shogun, and thus surrounded by the homes of the samurai class, the area formed into a region with many tradesmen and merchant homes and temples.


Akasaka kiribatake 赤坂桐畑 - Hiroshige 広重

Nishiki-e often pictured fields of kiri paulownia trees and Kinokuni-zaka Hill (so named as it was along the side of the Kii Tokugawa residence). Paulownia trees were planted as reinforcement for the cisterns as they are fast growing trees.
- source : National Diet Library -

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Akasaka hitotsugi choo 赤坂一木町 / 一ツ木町
The original spelling was hito-tsugi 人継 "relay of people",
since the hamlet was located on an exit road of Edo and horses and porters were on relay station here.
Now the spelling is hitotsu-gi 一ツ木 "one tree".
The hamlet was written 人継村, later一木村, Hitotsugi Village.

The name was lost in 1966, when the district was incorporated to Akasaka 4 and 5 赤坂四丁目と赤坂五丁目.


The 一ツ木通り Hitotsugi Street is still seen today.

When Tokugawa Ieyasu begun to live in Edo in 1590, he had about 140 people from 伊賀 Iga come to live here and attend to his hawking tours.

Around 1696, the residence of the city magistrate 大岡忠相 Oka Tadasuke Echizen no Kami was located here. The 豊川稲荷 Toyokawa Inari Shrine in the compound is still there now.
More townspeople came to live here,
including craftsmen making containers for tea and tobacco, geta 下駄 sandals and 筆 writing pens.

. Ōoka Tadasuke 大岡忠相 Oka Echizen 大岡越前 .
(1677 – 1752)

Before the war, it was the location of 近衛歩兵第二旅団司令部 the Konoe Shidan imperial guard.


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Edo - the EDOPEDIA - on 10/06/2017 09:13:00 am

7 Aug 2017

EDO - Iidamachi district


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Iidamachi, Iida-machi 飯田町 Iidamachi district and Kudanzaka

This district got its name during the time of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
In 1590, when Ieyasu inspected the area around his new residence in Edo, he found that in this area there lived only 17 farming families.
The head of one of them was 飯田喜兵衛 Iida Kihei,
who served as guide for Ieyasu. Kihei knew all the details of the area and could answer to all the questions of Ieyasu, so he was made headman of the area, and Ieyasu gave it his name, Iida-machi.


Iidamachi was later part of the Shitamachi downtown districts for the townspeople. One hill above it was called
飯田町中坂 Iidamachi Nakazaka



There was also the slope Kudanzaka 九段坂 on the hillside, which was called 飯田坂Iidazaka before the settlement of the nine sub-slopes.

The river along its borders was 飯田川 Iidagawa, with a bridge called 俎橋 Manaitabashi (lit. Chopping Board Bridge). The Manaita area was a busy river port, with a lot of food landing here.
Many people working for the kitchen of the Shogun (賄方 makanaikata) lived here.
The district was even jokingly called 台所町 Daidokoro-cho, "Kitchen district".


千代田村があって14軒の中の1軒が飯田喜兵衛 Home of Iida Kihei in Chiyoda-mura village

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. Iidabashi 飯田橋 Iidabashi Bridge .



Iidabashi Station (飯田橋駅 Iidabashi-eki)
is a major interchange railway station which straddles Tokyo's Chiyoda, Shinjuku and Bunkyō wards. It was originally built as Iidamachi Station (albeit in a slightly different location), terminus of the then Kobu railway, precursor to today's Chūō Line.

Iidamachi Station (飯田町駅 Iidamachi-eki)
was a railway station on the Chūō Main Line located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
Iidamachi Station was operated by Kōbu Railway, Japanese Government Railways, Japanese National Railways and Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight). Its location was 0.5 km from Suidōbashi Station and 0.4 km from Iidabashi Station.
The station was built in 1895 as the terminal of the Kōbu Railway, a predecessor of the present Chūō Main Line. It ceased to serve passengers in 1933, but continued to serve freight until 1997. - March 9, 1999 - Station officially closes.
After the closure, the site of the station was redeveloped and became a business district named I-Garden Air. One of the buildings in the area is the headquarters of JR Freight.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !





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Kudanzaka 九段坂 Kusansaka, Kudan slope


九段坂 - 牛ヶ淵 Kudanzaka Ushigabuchi
Utagawa, Hiroshige




東京名所 九段さかの灯籠 Kudanzaka Lighthouse (Kudanzaka tôrô)
広重、安藤徳兵エ Hiroshige III, Ando Tokobei

東京名所 Tokyo meisho
- source : mfa.org/collections -


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- quote
... luxury is said to have been prodigious when Tanuma Okitsugu was in power, but the commoners were still quite plainly dressed, as may be seen from the fact that among the inhabitants of Iidamachi Edo there was only a single person who possessed a haori (coat) and this gentleman was so afraid of gossip that he never put on the haori until out of sight of his neighbours.
----- The Economic Aspects of the History of the Civilization of Japan
By Yosaburō Takekoshi
- source : books.google.co.jp/books

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In the Nakazaka district lived the famous writer
. Takizawa Bakin 滝沢馬琴 / Kyokutei Bakin 曲亭馬琴 . (1767 - 1848)


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Edo - the EDOPEDIA - on 8/06/2017 09:48:00 am